A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
Census Data for Dalton ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2017 and it gave Dalton a population of 33,748 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Dalton a population of 33,128 people.
The city of Dalton is located in Whitfield County. The 2010 Census gave Whitfield County a population of 102,599 people. This means that Dalton had 32.29% of the county's total population, making it Whitfield's most populous community.
When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like Dalton, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually shaped as a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.
Things like the population, area and housing for Dalton reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Dalton might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Dalton has a total area of 20.56 square miles [53.2 km²]. Of this total, a small amount of the area is covered by water (0.02 square miles [0 km²]).
Whitfield County has a land area of 290.5 square miles [752.3 km²]. At 20.54 square miles [53.2 km²], Dalton has 7.07% of the county's total land area.
Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
Lat: 34° 46' 9" (or 34.77°) [Map]
More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Population Density ...
Using the population (33,128 people) and land area (20.54 square miles [53.2 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Dalton had a population density of 1,611 people per square mile [622 people/km²].
In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Dalton had a population of 27,912 people and a land area of 19.82 square miles [51.3 km²]. This gives a population density of 1,406 people per square mile [543 people/km²]
NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Dalton. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to an incorrect comparison. More information about the nature of these differences can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, Dalton had 13,378 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 33,128 people, this averages 2.48 people per Housing Unit.
The 2010 Census shows Dalton had a land area of 20.54 square miles [53.2 km²]. This translates to 650 Housing Units per square mile [251.3 housing units/km²].
From the Census of 2000: Dalton had 10,229 Housing Units, a population of 27,912 people and a land area of 19.82 square miles [51.3 km²]. This gives a density of 2.73 people per Housing Unit and 515 Housing Units per square mile [199.1 housing units/km²].
NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Dalton and you need to be careful when comparing results between the censuses. More information about these differences can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Whitfield County ...
The county had a population of 102,599 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 33,128 people, Dalton represented 32.29% of the county's total.
In addition, where the city of Dalton has a population density of 1,611 people per square mile [622 people/km²], Whitfield County averages 353.2 people per square mile [136.4 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for Whitfield County.
Population Rings for Dalton ...
To help identify the number of people who live in Dalton and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Dalton. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Dalton, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Dalton. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 3.61% larger than the 2000 Census.
The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Dalton was 20.56 square miles [53.2 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.
The 2000 Census shows a total area of 19.84 square miles [51.4 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Dalton, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Dalton.
For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
Lat: 34.769222° (or 34°46'9" N) [Map]
For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
Lat: 34.771088° (or 34°46'15" N) [Map]
The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 760 feet to the southeast<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2404180) to Dalton. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Dalton. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
Lat: 34.768807° (or 34°46'7" N) [Map]
The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 254.4 feet to the northeast<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Dalton. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Dalton.
Miscellaneous Information for Dalton ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Whitfield County or the city of Dalton:
The GNIS Codes ...
The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Dalton:
GNIS ID for Dalton: 2404180
The FIPS Codes ...
An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):
State Code: 13 (Georgia)
County Code: 313 (Whitfield County)
Place Code: 21380 (Dalton)
Misc. Census Codes ...
Dalton is located in Census Region #3 (the South Region) and Division #5 (the South Atlantic Division).
The US Postal Service ZIP Code ...
While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a city like Dalton, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) Dalton. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.
The ZIP code for Dalton: 30719-30722<7>
Census ZCTA Codes ...
The US Census Bureau created statistical entities that they call ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) and these ZCTAs are frequently confused with the ZIP codes that come from the US Postal Service (USPS).
ZCTAs were first created for the 2000 Census and at that time, they were based upon the USPS ZIP codes. While largely covering the same areas, the boundaries of a ZCTA do not necessarily match the boundaries of a postal ZIP code with the same number. For example, while a postal ZIP code can cross a county or state line, a Census ZCTA can not. They should be treated as separate entities with no correlation between them.
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Dalton.
Other Roadside Stops ...
Off-the-Road Links ...
The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau
The official website for Dalton: www.citydalton.net/
The official website for Whitfield County: www.whitfieldcountyga.com/
The official website for State of Georgia: https://georgia.gov/
The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
Please keep in mind that we can not guarantee the accuracy or timeliness of the information on this website, so use with care. We encourage you to double-check the information that is critical to you.
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This page was last modified: 14 Jan 2019