A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada

Columbus, Georgia

Nearby Census Genealogy
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Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, establish a new name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent identifier has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Columbus: 2404111

GNIS ID for Muscogee County: 357428

GNIS ID for Georgia: 1705317

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies created a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Columbus:

Place (Community) Code:  19000
State Code:  13 (Georgia)
County Code:  215 (Muscogee County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  13/19000
State/County Code:  13/215

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code   translates to   GNIS Code
State of Georgia:    13   1705317
Muscogee County:    13/215   357428
Columbus:    13/19000   2404111

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Columbus, it is a point within Columbus that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Columbus, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   32° 30' 35"   (or 32.51°)

Lon:   -84° 52' 37"   (or -84.88°)   [Map]

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Columbus - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For Columbus, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   32° 30' 36"   (or 32.51°)

Lon:   -84° 52' 29"   (or -84.87°)   [Map]

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 647 feet to the east<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   32° 29' 22"   (or 32.49°)

Lon:   -84° 56' 25"   (or -84.94°)   [Map]

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 4 miles to the west<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Columbus is located in Region #3 (the South Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Columbus is located in Division #5 (the South Atlantic Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Columbus is located in Region IV (Region 4).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. Columbus is located in Region IV (Region 4).

ZIP Codes ...

While some people have used ZIP codes to identify a community, the ZIP codes were actually created to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although a ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a city like Columbus, they do identify addresses that are in (or near) the city. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code are defined by the needs of the USPS and can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.

Our list of ZIP codes for Columbus :

31901, 31902, 31903, 31906, 31907, 31908, 31914, 31917, 31993, 31997, 31998 & 31999.<3>

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #331443   (Name of Record: Columbus)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Muscogee

Map Name: Columbus

Lat: 32.4609764       Lon: -84.9877094   [Map]

Elev: 74 ft.

GNIS ID #2404111   (Name of Record: City of Columbus)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: Muscogee

Map Name: Fortson

Lat: 32.5099602       Lon: -84.877034   [Map]

Elev: 89 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 13/19000   (Place Name: Columbus)

County: Muscogee     (FIPS State/County: 13/215)

Class: C3

GSA Code: 1280

FIPS Code: 13/19007   (Place Name: Columbus (Remainder))

County: Muscogee     (FIPS State/County: 13/215)

Class: C8

GSA Code: 1280

MRF Code: 660

MSA Code: 1800

Other Roadside Stops ...

Find a Community within Georgia

About Muscogee County

About Georgia

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website for Columbus:

The official website for State of Georgia:

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 277 degrees and a distance of 647 feet.
<2>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2000 Census location is 110 degrees and a distance of 4 miles.
<3>When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Columbus or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).




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This page was last modified: 19 Jan 2022