A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada

Town of Salisbury, Connecticut

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Census Data for Salisbury ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2019 and it gave Salisbury a population of 3,600 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Salisbury a population of 3,741 people.

The community of Salisbury is located in Litchfield County. The 2010 Census gave Litchfield County; a population of 189,927 people. This means that Salisbury had 1.97% of the county's total population, making it Litchfield's 13th most populous community.

At the same time, Connecticut had a population of 3,574,097 people, meaning that Salisbury had 0.1% of the total population of Connecticut - making it the state's 162nd most populous community.

Area ...

The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Salisbury has a total area of 60.1 square miles [155.6 km²]. Of this total, 57.2 square miles [148.3 km²] is land, with the balance (4.72%) being water (2.83 square miles [7.3 km²]).

Litchfield County has a land area of 920 square miles [2,384.2 km²]. At 57.2 square miles [148.3 km²], Salisbury has 6.22% of the county's total land area.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a community like Salisbury, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the community.
    • Things like population, area and housing for Salisbury reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Salisbury might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
    • Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
    • Lat:   41° 59' 10"   (or 41.99°)
    • Lon:   -73° 25' 30"   (or -73.43°)
    • More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Salisbury had 2,593 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 3,741 people, this averages 1.44 people per Housing Unit.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • The 2010 Census shows Salisbury had a land area of 57.2 square miles [148.3 km²]. This translates to 43.16 Housing Units per square mile [16.66 housing units/km²].
    • From the Census of 2000: Salisbury had 2,410 Housing Units, a population of 3,977 people and a land area of 57.3 square miles [148.5 km²]. This gives a density of 1.65 people per Housing Unit and 40.11 Housing Units per square mile [15.49 housing units/km²].
    • Note: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2010 and the 2000 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Salisbury and you need to be careful when comparing results between the censuses. More information about the nature of these the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Litchfield County ...

The community of Salisbury is located in Litchfield County<4>.

The county had a population of 189,927 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 3,741 people, Salisbury represented 1.97% of the county's total.

In addition, where the community of Salisbury has a population density of 62.3 people per square mile [24.04 people/km²], Litchfield County averages 206.3 people per square mile [79.7 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for Litchfield County.

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Salisbury, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Salisbury. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • Although we don't have specific information about the shape of the polygon for Salisbury or how it changed has over time, there is some information that can give us some hints. For example, since the shape of the sampling area is directly related to the shape of the polygon, any change to area probably indicates a new shape for the polygon.
    • If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Salisbury, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Salisbury.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
    • Lat:   41.986226°   (or 41°59'10" N)
    • Lon:   -73.425273°   (or -73°25'30" W)
    • For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
    • Lat:   41.977318°   (or 41°58'38" N)
    • Lon:   -73.424768°   (or -73°25'29" W)
    • The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 3,250 feet to the north<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
    • The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#213500) to Salisbury. This identifier also marks a GPS point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Salisbury. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
    • Lat:   41.985093°   (or 41°59'6" N)
    • Lon:   -73.422343°   (or -73°25'20" W)
    • The GPS location given for the 2010 Census lies 895 feet to the northwest<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Salisbury. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Salisbury.

Miscellaneous Information for Salisbury ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Litchfield County or the community of Salisbury:

  • The GNIS Codes ...
    • The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Salisbury:
    • GNIS ID for Salisbury: 213500
    • GNIS ID for Litchfield County: 212796
    • GNIS ID for State of Connecticut: 1779780
  • Misc. Census Codes ...
    • Salisbury is located in Census Region #1 (the Northeast Region) and Division #1 (the New England Division).

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Salisbury.

Other Roadside Stops ...

Cities, Towns and Villages of Connecticut

About Litchfield County

About Connecticut

Off-the-Road Links ...

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Salisbury. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for State of Connecticut:

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2019.
<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.
<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).
<4>If you're interested in how the shape of Connecticut's counties, including Litchfield, have changed over time, we recommend the Atlas of Historical County Boundaries.
<5>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 2 degrees and a distance of 3,250 feet.
<6>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 62 degrees and a distance of 895 feet.






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This page was last modified: 25 Feb 2021