A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada

Town of New Haven, Connecticut

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Census Data for New Haven ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2019 and it gave New Haven a population of 130,088 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave New Haven a population of 129,779 people.

The community of New Haven is located in New Haven County. The 2010 Census gave New Haven County; a population of 862,477 people. This means that New Haven had 15.05% of the county's total population, making it New Haven's most populous community.

At the same time, Connecticut had a population of 3,574,097 people, meaning that New Haven had 3.63% of the total population of Connecticut - making it the state's 3rd most populous community.

Area ...

The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for New Haven has a total area of 20.13 square miles [52.1 km²]. Of this total, 18.68 square miles [48.4 km²] is land, with the balance (7.19%) being water (1.45 square miles [3.7 km²]).

New Haven County has a land area of 604 square miles [1,565.7 km²]. At 18.68 square miles [48.4 km²], New Haven has 3.09% of the county's total land area.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a community like New Haven, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the community.
    • Things like population, area and housing for New Haven reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of New Haven might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
    • Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
    • Lat:   41° 18' 38"   (or 41.31°)
    • Lon:   -72° 55' 29"   (or -72.92°)
    • More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, New Haven had 54,967 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 129,779 people, this averages 2.36 people per Housing Unit.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • The 2010 Census shows New Haven had a land area of 18.68 square miles [48.4 km²]. This translates to 2,731 Housing Units per square mile [1,054 housing units/km²].
    • From the Census of 2000: New Haven had 52,941 Housing Units, a population of 123,626 people and a land area of 18.85 square miles [48.8 km²]. This gives a density of 2.34 people per Housing Unit and 2,614 Housing Units per square mile [1,009 housing units/km²].
    • Note: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2010 and the 2000 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for New Haven and you need to be careful when comparing results between the censuses. More information about the nature of these the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

New Haven County ...

The community of New Haven is located in New Haven County<4>.

The county had a population of 862,477 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 129,779 people, New Haven represented 15.05% of the county's total.

In addition, where the community of New Haven has a population density of 6,448 people per square mile [2,489 people/km²], New Haven County averages 1,426 people per square mile [550 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for New Haven County.

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for New Haven, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of New Haven. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • Although we don't have specific information about the shape of the polygon for New Haven or how it changed has over time, there is some information that can give us some hints. For example, since the shape of the sampling area is directly related to the shape of the polygon, any change to area probably indicates a new shape for the polygon.
    • If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of New Haven, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for New Haven.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
    • Lat:   41.310809°   (or 41°18'38" N)
    • Lon:   -72.924953°   (or -72°55'29" W)
    • For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
    • Lat:   41.311147°   (or 41°18'40" N)
    • Lon:   -72.923150°   (or -72°55'23" W)
    • The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 508 feet to the west<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
    • The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#213471) to New Haven. This identifier also marks a GPS point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of New Haven. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
    • Lat:   41.310097°   (or 41°18'36" N)
    • Lon:   -72.923713°   (or -72°55'25" W)
    • The GPS location given for the 2010 Census lies 427.4 feet to the northwest<6> of the point given by the GNIS for New Haven. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for New Haven.

Miscellaneous Information for New Haven ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either New Haven County or the community of New Haven:

  • The GNIS Codes ...
    • The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to New Haven:
    • GNIS ID for New Haven: 213471
    • GNIS ID for New Haven County: 212798
    • GNIS ID for State of Connecticut: 1779780
  • Misc. Census Codes ...
    • New Haven is located in Census Region #1 (the Northeast Region) and Division #1 (the New England Division).

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for New Haven.

Communities in Connecticut

About New Haven County

About Connecticut

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for New Haven. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for State of Connecticut:

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2019.
<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.
<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).
<4>If you're interested in how the shape of Connecticut's counties, including New Haven, have changed over time, we recommend the Atlas of Historical County Boundaries.
<5>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 104 degrees and a distance of 508 feet.
<6>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 52 degrees and a distance of 427.4 feet.






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This page was last modified: 08 Aug 2022