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Nogales, Arizona

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Census Data for Nogales ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2019 and it gave Nogales a population of 20,103 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Nogales a population of 20,837 people.

The city of Nogales is located in Santa Cruz County. The 2010 Census gave Santa Cruz County; a population of 47,420 people. This means that Nogales had 43.94% of the county's total population, making it Santa Cruz's most populous community.

At the same time, Arizona had a population of 6,392,017 people, meaning that Nogales had 0.33% of the total population of Arizona - making it the state's 33rd most populous community.

Area ...

The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Nogales has a total area of 20.84 square miles [54 km²]. Of this total, a small amount of the area is covered by water (0.02 square miles [0.1 km²]).

Santa Cruz County has a land area of 1,236 square miles [3,203.6 km²]. At 20.82 square miles [53.9 km²], Nogales has 1.68% of the county's total land area.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like Nogales, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.
    • Things like population, area and housing for Nogales reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Nogales might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
    • Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
    • Lat:   31° 21' 44"   (or 31.36°)
    • Lon:   -110° 56' 0"   (or -110.93°)
    • More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Nogales had 7,260 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 20,837 people, this averages 2.87 people per Housing Unit.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • The 2010 Census shows Nogales had a land area of 20.82 square miles [53.9 km²]. This translates to 348.4 Housing Units per square mile [134.5 housing units/km²].
    • From the Census of 2000: Nogales had 6,501 Housing Units, a population of 20,878 people and a land area of 20.83 square miles [54 km²]. This gives a density of 3.21 people per Housing Unit and 312 Housing Units per square mile [120.5 housing units/km²].
    • Note: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2010 and the 2000 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Nogales and you need to be careful when comparing between the censuses. More information about the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Santa Cruz County ...

The community of Nogales is located in Santa Cruz County<4> and is the County Seat for Santa Cruz County.

The county had a population of 47,420 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 20,837 people, Nogales represented 43.94% of the county's total.

In addition, where the city of Nogales has a population density of 1,000 people per square mile [386.1 people/km²], Santa Cruz County averages 38.34 people per square mile [14.8 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for Santa Cruz County.

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Nogales, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Nogales. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • Although we don't have specific information about the shape of the polygon for Nogales or how it changed has over time, there is some information that can give us some hints. For example, since the shape of the sampling area is directly related to the shape of the polygon, any change to area probably indicates a new shape for the polygon.
    • If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Nogales, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Nogales.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
    • Lat:   31.362463°   (or 31°21'44" N)
    • Lon:   -110.933538°   (or -110°56'0" W)
    • For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
    • Lat:   31.354007°   (or 31°21'14" N)
    • Lon:   -110.939222°   (or -110°56'21" W)
    • The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 3,554 feet to the northeast<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
    • The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2411260) to Nogales. This identifier also marks a GPS point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Nogales. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
    • Lat:   31.362678°   (or 31°21'45" N)
    • Lon:   -110.933540°   (or -110°56'0" W)
    • The GPS location given for the 2010 Census lies 78.4 feet to the south<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Nogales. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Nogales.

Miscellaneous Information for Nogales ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Santa Cruz County or the city of Nogales:

  • The GNIS Codes ...
    • The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Nogales:
    • GNIS ID for Nogales: 2411260
    • GNIS ID for Santa Cruz County: 40472
    • GNIS ID for State of Arizona: 1779777
  • Misc. Census Codes ...
    • Nogales is located in Census Region #4 (the West Region) and Division #8 (the Mountain Division).
  • The US Postal Service ZIP Code ...
    • While some people have used ZIP codes to identify a community, the ZIP codes were actually created to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although a ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a city like Nogales, they do identify addresses that are in (or near) the city. It's important to remember that the boundaries of the ZIP Code can be changed, re-assigned, eliminated or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.
    • Our list of ZIP codes for Nogales:<7>
    •  & .
  • Census ZCTA Codes ...
    • The US Census Bureau created statistical entities that they call ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) and these ZCTAs are frequently confused with the ZIP codes that come from the US Postal Service (USPS).
    • ZCTAs were first created for the 2000 Census and at that time, they were based upon the USPS ZIP codes. While largely covering the same areas, the boundaries of a ZCTA do not necessarily match the boundaries of a postal ZIP code with the same number. For example, while a postal ZIP code can cross a county or state line, a Census ZCTA can not. They should be treated as separate entities with no correlation between them.

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Nogales.

Other Roadside Stops ...

Index of Cities, Towns and Villages for Arizona

About Santa Cruz County

About Arizona

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website for Nogales:

The official website for Santa Cruz County:

The official website for State of Arizona:

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2019.
<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.
<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).
<4>If you're interested in how the shape of Arizona's counties, including Santa Cruz, have changed over time, we recommend the Atlas of Historical County Boundaries.
<5>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 330 degrees and a distance of 3,554 feet.
<6>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 180 degrees and a distance of 78.4 feet.
<7>When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Nogales or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).






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This page was last modified: 24 Feb 2021