A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
Vienna, West Virginia
Census Data for Vienna ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2017 and it gave Vienna a population of 10,370 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Vienna a population of 10,749 people.
The city of Vienna is located in Wood County. The 2010 Census gave Wood County a population of 86,956 people. This means that Vienna had 12.36% of the county's total population, making it Wood's 2nd most populous community.
When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like Vienna, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually shaped as a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.
Things like the population, area and housing for Vienna reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Vienna might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Vienna has a total area of 3.79 square miles [9.8 km²]. Of this total, a small amount of the area is covered by water (0 square miles [0 km²]).
Wood County has a land area of 366.3 square miles [948.6 km²]. At 3.79 square miles [9.8 km²], Vienna has 1.03% of the county's total land area.
Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
Lat: 39° 18' 33" (or 39.31°) [Map]
More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Population Density ...
Using the population (10,749 people) and land area (3.79 square miles [9.8 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Vienna had a population density of 2,834 people per square mile [1,094 people/km²].
In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Vienna had a population of 10,861 people and a land area of 3.75 square miles [9.7 km²]. This gives a population density of 2,895 people per square mile [1,118 people/km²]
NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Vienna. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to a misleading comparison. More information about the nature of these changes can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, Vienna had 5,091 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 10,749 people, this averages 2.11 people per Housing Unit.
The 2010 Census shows Vienna had a land area of 3.79 square miles [9.8 km²]. This translates to 1,342 Housing Units per square mile [518 housing units/km²].
From the Census of 2000: Vienna had 5,074 Housing Units, a population of 10,861 people and a land area of 3.75 square miles [9.7 km²]. This gives a density of 2.14 people per Housing Unit and 1,352 Housing Units per square mile [522 housing units/km²].
NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Vienna and you need to be careful when comparing values between the censuses. More information about the nature of these the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Wood County ...
The community of Vienna is located in Wood County.
The county had a population of 86,956 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 10,749 people, Vienna represented 12.36% of the county's total.
In addition, where the city of Vienna has a population density of 2,834 people per square mile [1,094 people/km²], Wood County averages 237.4 people per square mile [91.7 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for Wood County.
Population Rings for Vienna ...
To help identify the number of people who live in Vienna and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Vienna. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Vienna, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Vienna. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 1.1% larger than the 2000 Census.
The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Vienna was 3.79 square miles [9.8 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.
The 2000 Census shows a total area of 3.75 square miles [9.7 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Vienna, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Vienna.
For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
Lat: 39.309436° (or 39°18'33" N) [Map]
For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
Lat: 39.325324° (or 39°19'31" N) [Map]
The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 5,816 feet to the south<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2390663) to Vienna. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Vienna. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
Lat: 39.309150° (or 39°18'32" N) [Map]
The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 191.2 feet to the northwest<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Vienna. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Vienna.
Miscellaneous Information for Vienna ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Wood County or the city of Vienna:
The GNIS Codes ...
The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Vienna:
GNIS ID for Vienna: 2390663
The FIPS Codes ...
An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):
State Code: 54 (West Virginia)
County Code: 107 (Wood County)
Place Code: 83500 (Vienna)
Misc. Census Codes ...
Vienna is located in Census Region #3 (the South Region) and Division #5 (the South Atlantic Division).
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Vienna.
Other Roadside Stops ...
Off-the-Road Links ...
The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau
Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Vienna. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.
The official website for Wood County: www.woodcountywv.com/
The official website for State of West Virginia: https://www.wv.gov/
The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
Please keep in mind that we can not guarantee the accuracy or timeliness of the information on this website, so use with care. We encourage you to double-check the information that is critical to you.
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This page was last modified: 15 Jan 2019