Summersville, West Virginia
Census Data for Summersville ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2016 and it gives Summersville a population of 3,434 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, giving Summersville a population of 3,572 people.
The town of Summersville is located in Nicholas County. The 2010 Census gave Nicholas County a population of 26,233 people. This means that Summersville had 13.62% of the county's total population, making it Nicholas' most populous community.
At the same time, West Virginia had a population of 1,852,994 people, meaning that Summersville had 0.19% of the total population of West Virginia - making it the state's 35th most populous community.
When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a town like Summersville, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this is called a sampling area (or a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the town.
Things like the population, area and housing for Summersville reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Summersville might be slightly different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau if you need precision.
The 2010 Census shows that the sample polygon for Summersville has a total area of 4.26 square miles [11 km²]. Of this total, a small amount of the area is covered by water (0.04 square miles [0.1 km²]).
Nicholas County has a land area of 646 square miles [1,675.3 km²]. At 4.22 square miles [10.9 km²], Summersville has 0.65% of the county's total land area.
Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually at the center of the polygon). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
Lat: 38° 17' 0" (or 38.28°) [Map]
Lon: -80° 50' 30" (or -80.84°)
More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Population Density ...
Using the population (3,572 people) and land area (4.22 square miles [10.9 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Summersville had a population density of 839 people per square mile [324.1 people/km²].
In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Summersville had a population of 3,294 people and a land area of 4.25 square miles [11 km²]. This gives a population density of 773 people per square mile [298.8 people/km²]
NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Summersville. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to an apple-to-oranges comparison. More information about the nature of these differences can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, Summersville had 1,761 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 3,572 people, this averages 2.03 people per Housing Unit.
The 2010 Census shows Summersville had a land area of 4.22 square miles [10.9 km²]. This translates to 413.8 Housing Units per square mile [159.8 housing units/km²].
From the Census of 2000: Summersville had 1,598 Housing Units, a population of 3,294 people and a land area of 4.25 square miles [11 km²]. This gives a density of 2.06 people per Housing Unit and 375.5 Housing Units per square mile [145 housing units/km²].
NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Summersville and you need to be careful when comparing results between the censuses. More information about the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Nicholas County ...
The community of Summersville is located in Nicholas County and is the County Seat for Nicholas County.
The county had a population of 26,233 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 3,572 people, Summersville represented 13.62% of the county's total.
In addition, where the town of Summersville has a population density of 839 people per square mile [324.1 people/km²], Nicholas County averages 40.56 people per square mile [15.66 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for Nicholas County.
Population Rings for Summersville ...
To help identify the number of people who live in Summersville and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Summersville. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>
| Radius ||No of|
|5 mi [8 km]||1||3,434||-3.86%|
|15 mi [24 km]||1||3,434||-3.86%|
|20 mi [32 km]||6||8,011||-4.05%|
|25 mi [40 km]||11||13,844||-3.24%|
|30 mi [48 km]||21||29,851||+0.43%|
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Summersville, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Summersville. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change.
If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
There is only a very minor difference in the sampling area given between the 2010 Census and the 2000 Census.
The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Summersville was 4.26 square miles [11 km²]. Of this total, 4.22 square miles [10.9 km²] is land, with the balance (0.94%) being water (0.04 square miles [0.1 km²]).
The 2000 Census shows a total area of 4.26 square miles [11 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Summersville, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Summersville.
For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
Lat: 38.283608° (or 38°17'0" N) [Map]
Lon: -80.841795° (or -80°50'30" W)
For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
Lat: 38.283342° (or 38°17'0" N) [Map]
Lon: -80.844207° (or -80°50'39" W)
The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 697 feet to the east<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2391433) to Summersville. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Summersville. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
Lat: 38.284331° (or 38°17'3" N) [Map]
Lon: -80.841548° (or -80°50'29" W)
The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 272.9 feet to the south<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Summersville. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Summersville.
Miscellaneous Information for Summersville ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has referenced one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Nicholas County or the town of Summersville:
The GNIS Codes ...
The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Summersville:
GNIS ID for Summersville: 2391433
GNIS ID for Nicholas County: 1550040
GNIS ID for West Virginia: 1779805
The FIPS Codes ...
An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):
State Code: 54 (West Virginia)
County Code: 067 (Nicholas County)
Place Code: 77980 (Summersville)
State & County Code: 54/067 (West Virginia / Nicholas County)
State & Place Code: 54/77980 (West Virginia / Summersville)
Misc. Census Codes ...
Summersville is located in Census Region #3 (the South Region) and Division #5 (the South Atlantic Division).
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Summersville.
|<1>||Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2016.|
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|<2>||Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.|
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|<3>||A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).|
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|<4>||The communities in our count are those provided by the 2010 Census, so keep in mind that our population rings will only include the people living in those communities. Smaller communities usually don't participate directly in the Census and therefore they won't be included. While our count is a close approximation, it shouldn't be considered as a complete or accurate count.|
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|<5>||The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 277 degrees and a distance of 697 feet.|
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|<6>||The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 164 degrees and a distance of 272.9 feet.|
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For additional information, please visit our Glossary for Summersville.