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Smithfield, West Virginia
(Wetzel County)

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The location of Smithfield

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(GPS coordinates provided by the GNIS)
 
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and the surrounding area.
 
 
 
 
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Census Data for Smithfield ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2017 and it gives Smithfield a population of 152 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, giving Smithfield a population of 145 people.

The town of Smithfield is located in Wetzel County. The 2010 Census gave Wetzel County a population of 16,583 people. This means that Smithfield had 0.87% of the county's total population, making it Wetzel's 4th most populous community.

At the same time, West Virginia had a population of 1,852,994 people.

Area ...

When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a town like Smithfield, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this is called a sampling area (or a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the town.

Things like the population, area and housing for Smithfield reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Smithfield might be slightly different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau if you need precision.

The 2010 Census shows that the sample polygon for Smithfield has a total area of 0.3 square miles [0.8 km²]. Of this total, 0.29 square miles [0.8 km²] is land, with the balance (1.68%) being water (0 square miles [0 km²]).

Wetzel County has a land area of 358.1 square miles [927.4 km²]. At 0.29 square miles [0.8 km²], Smithfield has 0.08% of the county's total land area.

Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually at the center of the polygon). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:

Lat:   39° 29' 41"   (or 39.49°)             [Map]

Lon:   -80° 33' 35"   (or -80.56°)

More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Population Density ...

Using the population (145 people) and land area (0.29 square miles [0.8 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Smithfield had a population density of 488.2 people per square mile [188.5 people/km²].

In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Smithfield had a population of 177 people and a land area of 0.25 square miles [0.7 km²]. This gives a population density of 703 people per square mile [271.6 people/km²]

NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Smithfield. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to a questionable comparison. More information about these differences can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Smithfield had 92 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 145 people, this averages 1.58 people per Housing Unit.

The 2010 Census shows Smithfield had a land area of 0.29 square miles [0.8 km²]. This translates to 309.8 Housing Units per square mile [119.6 housing units/km²].

From the Census of 2000: Smithfield had 98 Housing Units, a population of 177 people and a land area of 0.25 square miles [0.7 km²]. This gives a density of 1.81 people per Housing Unit and 389.5 Housing Units per square mile [150.4 housing units/km²].

NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Smithfield and you need to be careful when comparing between the censuses. More information about the nature of these the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Wetzel County ...

The community of Smithfield is located in Wetzel County.

The county had a population of 16,583 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 145 people, Smithfield represented 0.87% of the county's total.

In addition, where the town of Smithfield has a population density of 488.2 people per square mile [188.5 people/km²], Wetzel County averages 46.31 people per square mile [17.88 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for Wetzel County.

Population Rings for Smithfield ...

To help identify the number of people who live in Smithfield and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Smithfield. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>

  Radius   No of
    Communities    
2017
    Population    
Change
  Since 2010    
5 mi   [8 km]1152+4.83%
10 mi   [16 km]2656-5.88%
15 mi   [24 km]77,441-3.64%
20 mi   [32 km]1935,954-3.99%
25 mi   [40 km]3275,839-2.29%
30 mi   [48 km]4285,785-2.4%

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Smithfield, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Smithfield. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Area ...

The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 18.03% larger than the 2000 Census.

The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Smithfield was 0.3 square miles [0.8 km²]. Of this total, 0.29 square miles [0.8 km²] is land, with the balance (1.68%) being water (0 square miles [0 km²]).

The 2000 Census shows a total area of 0.25 square miles [0.7 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Smithfield, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Smithfield.

For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:

Lat:   39.494863°   (or 39°29'41" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -80.559986°   (or -80°33'35" W)

For the 2000 Census, the location given was:

Lat:   39.496806°   (or 39°29'48" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -80.561242°   (or -80°33'40" W)

The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 791 feet to the southeast<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2391414) to Smithfield. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Smithfield. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:

Lat:   39.494602°   (or 39°29'40" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -80.560041°   (or -80°33'36" W)

The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 96.4 feet to the north<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Smithfield. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Smithfield.

Miscellaneous Information for Smithfield ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has referenced one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Wetzel County or the town of Smithfield:

The GNIS Codes ...

The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Smithfield:

GNIS ID for Smithfield: 2391414

GNIS ID for Wetzel County: 1717836

GNIS ID for West Virginia: 1779805

The FIPS Codes ...

An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):

State Code: 54 (West Virginia)

County Code: 103 (Wetzel County)

Place Code: 74788 (Smithfield)

State & County Code: 54/103 (West Virginia / Wetzel County)

State & Place Code: 54/74788 (West Virginia / Smithfield)

Misc. Census Codes ...

Smithfield is located in Census Region #3 (the South Region) and Division #5 (the South Atlantic Division).

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Smithfield.

Other Roadside Stops ...



Communities in West Virginia

About Wetzel County

About West Virginia

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau


Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Smithfield. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for State of West Virginia: www.wv.gov/


The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)



Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2017.

- Return to Citation

<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.

- Return to Citation

<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).

- Return to Citation

<4>The communities in our count are those provided by the 2010 Census, so keep in mind that our population rings will only include the people living in those communities. Smaller communities usually don't participate directly in the Census and therefore they won't be included. While our count is a close approximation, it shouldn't be considered as a complete or accurate count.

- Return to Citation

<5>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 206 degrees and a distance of 791 feet.

- Return to Citation

<6>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 350 degrees and a distance of 96.4 feet.

- Return to Citation


For additional information, please visit our Glossary for Smithfield.



 
 
 

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This page was last modified: 07 Jul 2018
By John Hall