A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
Sand Fork, West Virginia
Census Data for Sand Fork ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2017 and it gave Sand Fork a population of 151 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Sand Fork a population of 159 people.
The town of Sand Fork is located in Gilmer County. The 2010 Census gave Gilmer County a population of 8,693 people. This means that Sand Fork had 1.83% of the county's total population, making it Gilmer's 2nd most populous community.
At the same time, West Virginia had a population of 1,852,994 people.
When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a town like Sand Fork, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually shaped as a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the town.
Things like the population, area and housing for Sand Fork reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Sand Fork might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Sand Fork has a total area of 0.35 square miles [0.9 km²]. Of this total, 0.33 square miles [0.8 km²] is land, with the balance (6.88%) being water (0.02 square miles [0.1 km²]).
Gilmer County has a land area of 338.5 square miles [876.7 km²]. At 0.33 square miles [0.8 km²], Sand Fork has 0.1% of the county's total land area.
Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
Lat: 38° 54' 55" (or 38.92°) [Map]
More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Population Density ...
Using the population (159 people) and land area (0.33 square miles [0.8 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Sand Fork had a population density of 455.6 people per square mile [175.9 people/km²].
In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Sand Fork had a population of 176 people and a land area of 0.35 square miles [0.9 km²]. This gives a population density of 501 people per square mile [193.5 people/km²]
NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Sand Fork. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to a questionable comparison. More information about the nature of these differences can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, Sand Fork had 68 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 159 people, this averages 2.34 people per Housing Unit.
The 2010 Census shows Sand Fork had a land area of 0.33 square miles [0.8 km²]. This translates to 194.8 Housing Units per square mile [75.2 housing units/km²].
From the Census of 2000: Sand Fork had 82 Housing Units, a population of 176 people and a land area of 0.35 square miles [0.9 km²]. This gives a density of 2.15 people per Housing Unit and 233.5 Housing Units per square mile [90.1 housing units/km²].
NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Sand Fork and you need to be careful when comparing results between the censuses. More information about the nature of these the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Gilmer County ...
The community of Sand Fork is located in Gilmer County.
The county had a population of 8,693 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 159 people, Sand Fork represented 1.83% of the county's total.
In addition, where the town of Sand Fork has a population density of 455.6 people per square mile [175.9 people/km²], Gilmer County averages 25.68 people per square mile [9.92 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for Gilmer County.
Population Rings for Sand Fork ...
To help identify the number of people who live in Sand Fork and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Sand Fork. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Sand Fork, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Sand Fork. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 0.63% smaller than the 2000 Census.
The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Sand Fork was 0.35 square miles [0.9 km²]. Of this total, 0.33 square miles [0.8 km²] is land, with the balance (6.88%) being water (0.02 square miles [0.1 km²]).
The 2000 Census shows a total area of 0.35 square miles [0.9 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Sand Fork, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Sand Fork.
For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
Lat: 38.915481° (or 38°54'55" N) [Map]
For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
Lat: 38.913684° (or 38°54'49" N) [Map]
The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 1,191 feet to the northeast<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2391402) to Sand Fork. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Sand Fork. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
Lat: 38.915423° (or 38°54'55" N) [Map]
The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 337.1 feet to the east<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Sand Fork. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Sand Fork.
Miscellaneous Information for Sand Fork ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Gilmer County or the town of Sand Fork:
The GNIS Codes ...
The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Sand Fork:
GNIS ID for Sand Fork: 2391402
The FIPS Codes ...
An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):
State Code: 54 (West Virginia)
County Code: 021 (Gilmer County)
Place Code: 71620 (Sand Fork)
Misc. Census Codes ...
Sand Fork is located in Census Region #3 (the South Region) and Division #5 (the South Atlantic Division).
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Sand Fork.
Other Roadside Stops ...
Off-the-Road Links ...
The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau
Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Sand Fork. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.
The official website for State of West Virginia: https://www.wv.gov/
The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
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This page was last modified: 04 Jan 2019