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Romney, West Virginia

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The location of Romney

Census Data for Romney ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2017 and it gave Romney a population of 1,737 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Romney a population of 1,848 people.

The city of Romney is located in Hampshire County. The 2010 Census gave Hampshire County a population of 23,964 people. This means that Romney had 7.71% of the county's total population, making it Hampshire's most populous community.

At the same time, West Virginia had a population of 1,852,994 people, meaning that Romney had 0.1% of the total population of West Virginia - making it the state's 65th most populous community.

Area ...

When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like Romney, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually shaped as a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.

Things like the population, area and housing for Romney reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Romney might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.

The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Romney has a total area of 0.96 square miles [2.5 km²].

Hampshire County has a land area of 640 square miles [1,658.2 km²]. At 0.96 square miles [2.5 km²], Romney has 0.15% of the county's total land area.

Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:

Lat:   39° 20' 44"   (or 39.35°)             [Map]

Lon:   -78° 45' 21"   (or -78.76°)

More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Population Density ...

Using the population (1,848 people) and land area (0.96 square miles [2.5 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Romney had a population density of 1,922 people per square mile [742 people/km²].

In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Romney had a population of 1,940 people and a land area of 0.92 square miles [2.4 km²]. This gives a population density of 2,114 people per square mile [816 people/km²]

NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Romney. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to a misleading comparison. More information about the changes can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Romney had 967 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 1,848 people, this averages 1.91 people per Housing Unit.

The 2010 Census shows Romney had a land area of 0.96 square miles [2.5 km²]. This translates to 1,006 Housing Units per square mile [388.5 housing units/km²].

From the Census of 2000: Romney had 974 Housing Units, a population of 1,940 people and a land area of 0.92 square miles [2.4 km²]. This gives a density of 1.99 people per Housing Unit and 1,061 Housing Units per square mile [409.8 housing units/km²].

NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Romney and you need to be careful when comparing between the censuses. More information about the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Hampshire County ...

Romney is located in Hampshire County and is the County Seat for Hampshire County.

The county had a population of 23,964 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 1,848 people, Romney represented 7.71% of the county's total.

In addition, where the city of Romney has a population density of 1,922 people per square mile [742 people/km²], Hampshire County averages 37.43 people per square mile [14.45 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for Hampshire County.

Population Rings for Romney ...

To help identify the number of people who live in Romney and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Romney. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>

  Radius   No of
  Since 2010    
5 mi   [8 km]11,737-6.01%
10 mi   [16 km]11,737-6.01%
15 mi   [24 km]26,814-6.49%
20 mi   [32 km]1314,120-5.99%
25 mi   [40 km]1845,427-5.32%
30 mi   [48 km]2045,970-5.33%

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Romney, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Romney. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Area ...

The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 4.73% larger than the 2000 Census.

The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Romney was 0.96 square miles [2.5 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.

The 2000 Census shows a total area of 0.92 square miles [2.4 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Romney, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Romney.

For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:

Lat:   39.345755°   (or 39°20'44" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -78.756020°   (or -78°45'21" W)

For the 2000 Census, the location given was:

Lat:   39.344915°   (or 39°20'41" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -78.756960°   (or -78°45'25" W)

The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 405 feet to the northeast<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2390646) to Romney. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Romney. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:

Lat:   39.345528°   (or 39°20'43" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -78.756371°   (or -78°45'22" W)

The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 129 feet to the northeast<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Romney. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Romney.

Miscellaneous Information for Romney ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Hampshire County or the city of Romney:

The GNIS Codes ...

The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Romney:

GNIS ID for Romney: 2390646

GNIS ID for Hampshire County: 1718644

GNIS ID for West Virginia: 1779805

The FIPS Codes ...

An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):

State Code: 54 (West Virginia)

County Code: 027 (Hampshire County)

Place Code: 70084 (Romney)

State & County Code: 54/027 (West Virginia / Hampshire County)

State & Place Code: 54/70084 (West Virginia / Romney)

Misc. Census Codes ...

Romney is located in Census Region #3 (the South Region) and Division #5 (the South Atlantic Division).

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Romney.

Other Roadside Stops ...

Search for a Community in West Virginia

About Hampshire County

About West Virginia

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Romney. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for State of West Virginia:

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2017.

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<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.

- Return to Citation

<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).

- Return to Citation

<4>The communities in our count are those provided by the 2010 Census, so keep in mind that our population rings will only include the people living in those communities. Smaller communities usually don't participate directly in the Census and therefore they won't be included. While our count is a close approximation, it shouldn't be considered as a complete or accurate count.

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<5>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 319 degrees and a distance of 405 feet.

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<6>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 309 degrees and a distance of 129 feet.

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This page was last modified: 07 Mar 2019