A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
Pine Grove, West Virginia
Census Data for Pine Grove ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2017 and it gave Pine Grove a population of 504 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Pine Grove a population of 552 people.
The town of Pine Grove is located in Wetzel County. The 2010 Census gave Wetzel County a population of 16,583 people. This means that Pine Grove had 3.33% of the county's total population, making it Wetzel's 2nd most populous community.
When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a town like Pine Grove, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually shaped as a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the town.
Things like the population, area and housing for Pine Grove reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Pine Grove might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Pine Grove has a total area of 0.38 square miles [1 km²]. Of this total, 0.35 square miles [0.9 km²] is land, with the balance (7.12%) being water (0.03 square miles [0.1 km²]).
Wetzel County has a land area of 358.1 square miles [927.4 km²]. At 0.35 square miles [0.9 km²], Pine Grove has 0.1% of the county's total land area.
Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
Lat: 39° 33' 48" (or 39.56°) [Map]
More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Population Density ...
Using the population (552 people) and land area (0.35 square miles [0.9 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Pine Grove had a population density of 1,456 people per square mile [562 people/km²].
In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Pine Grove had a population of 571 people and a land area of 0.39 square miles [1 km²]. This gives a population density of 1,480 people per square mile [571 people/km²]
NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Pine Grove. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to an incorrect comparison. More information about these differences can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, Pine Grove had 245 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 552 people, this averages 2.25 people per Housing Unit.
The 2010 Census shows Pine Grove had a land area of 0.35 square miles [0.9 km²]. This translates to 646 Housing Units per square mile [249.6 housing units/km²].
From the Census of 2000: Pine Grove had 251 Housing Units, a population of 571 people and a land area of 0.39 square miles [1 km²]. This gives a density of 2.27 people per Housing Unit and 650 Housing Units per square mile [251.3 housing units/km²].
NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Pine Grove and you need to be careful when comparing between the censuses. More information about the nature of these the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Wetzel County ...
The community of Pine Grove is located in Wetzel County.
The county had a population of 16,583 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 552 people, Pine Grove represented 3.33% of the county's total.
In addition, where the town of Pine Grove has a population density of 1,456 people per square mile [562 people/km²], Wetzel County averages 46.31 people per square mile [17.88 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for Wetzel County.
Population Rings for Pine Grove ...
To help identify the number of people who live in Pine Grove and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Pine Grove. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Pine Grove, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Pine Grove. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 1.73% smaller than the 2000 Census.
The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Pine Grove was 0.38 square miles [1 km²]. Of this total, 0.35 square miles [0.9 km²] is land, with the balance (7.12%) being water (0.03 square miles [0.1 km²]).
The 2000 Census shows a total area of 0.39 square miles [1 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Pine Grove, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Pine Grove.
For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
Lat: 39.563520° (or 39°33'48" N) [Map]
For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
Lat: 39.562255° (or 39°33'44" N) [Map]
The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 1,114 feet to the northwest<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2391361) to Pine Grove. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Pine Grove. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
Lat: 39.564222° (or 39°33'51" N) [Map]
The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 695 feet to the west<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Pine Grove. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Pine Grove.
Miscellaneous Information for Pine Grove ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Wetzel County or the town of Pine Grove:
The GNIS Codes ...
The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Pine Grove:
GNIS ID for Pine Grove: 2391361
The FIPS Codes ...
An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):
State Code: 54 (West Virginia)
County Code: 103 (Wetzel County)
Place Code: 63892 (Pine Grove)
Misc. Census Codes ...
Pine Grove is located in Census Region #3 (the South Region) and Division #5 (the South Atlantic Division).
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Pine Grove.
Other Roadside Stops ...
Off-the-Road Links ...
The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau
Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Pine Grove. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.
The official website for State of West Virginia: https://www.wv.gov/
The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
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This page was last modified: 22 Apr 2019