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Chesapeake, West Virginia
(Kanawha County)

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Census Data for Chesapeake ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2017 and it gives Chesapeake a population of 1,456 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, giving Chesapeake a population of 1,554 people.

The town of Chesapeake is located in Kanawha County. The 2010 Census gave Kanawha County a population of 193,063 people. This means that Chesapeake had 0.8% of the county's total population, making it Kanawha's 6th most populous community.

At the same time, West Virginia had a population of 1,852,994 people, meaning that Chesapeake had 0.08% of the total population of West Virginia - making it the state's 76th most populous community.

Area ...

When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a town like Chesapeake, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this is called a sampling area (or a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the town.

Things like the population, area and housing for Chesapeake reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Chesapeake might be slightly different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau if you need precision.

The 2010 Census shows that the sample polygon for Chesapeake has a total area of 0.64 square miles [1.7 km²]. Of this total, 0.48 square miles [1.2 km²] is land, with the balance (25.08%) being water (0.16 square miles [0.4 km²]).

Kanawha County has a land area of 901 square miles [2,335.1 km²]. At 0.48 square miles [1.2 km²], Chesapeake has 0.05% of the county's total land area.

Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually at the center of the polygon). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:

Lat:   38° 13' 22"   (or 38.22°)             [Map]

Lon:   -81° 32' 10"   (or -81.54°)

More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Population Density ...

Using the population (1,554 people) and land area (0.48 square miles [1.2 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Chesapeake had a population density of 2,420 people per square mile [934 people/km²].

In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Chesapeake had a population of 1,643 people and a land area of 0.47 square miles [1.2 km²]. This gives a population density of 2,521 people per square mile [973 people/km²]

NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Chesapeake. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to an incorrect comparison. More information about these differences can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Chesapeake had 809 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 1,554 people, this averages 1.92 people per Housing Unit.

The 2010 Census shows Chesapeake had a land area of 0.48 square miles [1.2 km²]. This translates to 1,260 Housing Units per square mile [486.5 housing units/km²].

From the Census of 2000: Chesapeake had 851 Housing Units, a population of 1,643 people and a land area of 0.47 square miles [1.2 km²]. This gives a density of 1.93 people per Housing Unit and 1,306 Housing Units per square mile [504 housing units/km²].

NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Chesapeake and you need to be careful when comparing values between the censuses. More information about these differences can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Kanawha County ...

The community of Chesapeake is located in Kanawha County.

The county had a population of 193,063 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 1,554 people, Chesapeake represented 0.8% of the county's total.

In addition, where the town of Chesapeake has a population density of 2,420 people per square mile [934 people/km²], Kanawha County averages 214.1 people per square mile [82.7 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for Kanawha County.

Population Rings for Chesapeake ...

To help identify the number of people who live in Chesapeake and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Chesapeake. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>

  Radius   No of
  Since 2010    
5 mi   [8 km]55,872-6.39%
10 mi   [16 km]955,561-6.67%
15 mi   [24 km]1477,837-6.78%
20 mi   [32 km]2190,091-7.03%
25 mi   [40 km]2493,031-6.85%
30 mi   [48 km]34117,640-4.98%

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Chesapeake, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Chesapeake. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Area ...

The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 1.46% smaller than the 2000 Census.

The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Chesapeake was 0.64 square miles [1.7 km²]. Of this total, 0.48 square miles [1.2 km²] is land, with the balance (25.08%) being water (0.16 square miles [0.4 km²]).

The 2000 Census shows a total area of 0.65 square miles [1.7 km²]. Of this total, 0.47 square miles [1.2 km²] is land, with the balance (28.1%) being water (0.18 square miles [0.5 km²]).

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Chesapeake, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Chesapeake.

For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:

Lat:   38.222882°   (or 38°13'22" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -81.536202°   (or -81°32'10" W)

For the 2000 Census, the location given was:

Lat:   38.222541°   (or 38°13'21" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -81.536042°   (or -81°32'9" W)

The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 132.5 feet to the north<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2390782) to Chesapeake. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Chesapeake. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:

Lat:   38.223146°   (or 38°13'23" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -81.536202°   (or -81°32'10" W)

The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 96.3 feet to the south<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Chesapeake. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Chesapeake.

Miscellaneous Information for Chesapeake ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has referenced one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Kanawha County or the town of Chesapeake:

The GNIS Codes ...

The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Chesapeake:

GNIS ID for Chesapeake: 2390782

GNIS ID for Kanawha County: 1550026

GNIS ID for West Virginia: 1779805

The FIPS Codes ...

An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):

State Code: 54 (West Virginia)

County Code: 039 (Kanawha County)

Place Code: 15028 (Chesapeake)

State & County Code: 54/039 (West Virginia / Kanawha County)

State & Place Code: 54/15028 (West Virginia / Chesapeake)

Misc. Census Codes ...

Chesapeake is located in Census Region #3 (the South Region) and Division #5 (the South Atlantic Division).

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Chesapeake.

Other Roadside Stops ...

Visit our Community Index for West Virginia

About Kanawha County

About West Virginia

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Chesapeake. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for Kanawha County:

The official website for State of West Virginia:

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2017.

- Return to Citation

<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.

- Return to Citation

<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).

- Return to Citation

<4>The communities in our count are those provided by the 2010 Census, so keep in mind that our population rings will only include the people living in those communities. Smaller communities usually don't participate directly in the Census and therefore they won't be included. While our count is a close approximation, it shouldn't be considered as a complete or accurate count.

- Return to Citation

<5>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 20 degrees and a distance of 132.5 feet.

- Return to Citation

<6>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 180 degrees and a distance of 96.3 feet.

- Return to Citation


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This page was last modified: 15 Sep 2018
By John Hall