Census Data for Bancroft ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2016 and it gives Bancroft a population of 598 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, giving Bancroft a population of 587 people.
The town of Bancroft is located in Putnam County. The 2010 Census gave Putnam County a population of 55,486 people. This means that Bancroft had 1.06% of the county's total population, making it Putnam's 6th most populous community.
At the same time, West Virginia had a population of 1,852,994 people, meaning that Bancroft had 0.03% of the total population of West Virginia - making it the state's 152nd most populous community.
When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a town like Bancroft, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this is called a sampling area (or a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the town.
Things like the population, area and housing for Bancroft reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Bancroft might be slightly different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau if you need precision.
The 2010 Census shows that the sample polygon for Bancroft has a total area of 0.15 square miles [0.4 km²]. Of this total, 0.14 square miles [0.4 km²] is land, with the balance (4.14%) being water (0 square miles [0 km²]).
Putnam County has a land area of 345.7 square miles [895.3 km²]. At 0.14 square miles [0.4 km²], Bancroft has 0.04% of the county's total land area.
Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually at the center of the polygon). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
Lat: 38° 30' 39" (or 38.51°) [Map]
Lon: -81° 50' 29" (or -81.84°)
More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Population Density ...
Using the population (587 people) and land area (0.14 square miles [0.4 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Bancroft had a population density of 4,048 people per square mile [1,563 people/km²].
In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Bancroft had a population of 367 people and a land area of 0.14 square miles [0.4 km²]. This gives a population density of 2,499 people per square mile [965 people/km²]
NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Bancroft. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to a questionable comparison. More information about the nature of these changes can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, Bancroft had 256 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 587 people, this averages 2.29 people per Housing Unit.
The 2010 Census shows Bancroft had a land area of 0.14 square miles [0.4 km²]. This translates to 1,765 Housing Units per square mile [681 housing units/km²].
From the Census of 2000: Bancroft had 185 Housing Units, a population of 367 people and a land area of 0.14 square miles [0.4 km²]. This gives a density of 1.98 people per Housing Unit and 1,259 Housing Units per square mile [486.5 housing units/km²].
NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Bancroft and you need to be careful when comparing between the censuses. More information about these differences can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Putnam County ...
The community of Bancroft is located in Putnam County.
The county had a population of 55,486 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 587 people, Bancroft represented 1.06% of the county's total.
In addition, where the town of Bancroft has a population density of 4,048 people per square mile [1,563 people/km²], Putnam County averages 160.5 people per square mile [62 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for Putnam County.
Population Rings for Bancroft ...
To help identify the number of people who live in Bancroft and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Bancroft. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>
| Radius ||No of|
|5 mi [8 km]||4||5,547||+3.1%|
|10 mi [16 km]||7||24,036||-3.23%|
|15 mi [24 km]||11||100,180||-3.56%|
|20 mi [32 km]||13||102,950||-3.3%|
|25 mi [40 km]||22||117,203||-2.89%|
|30 mi [48 km]||32||133,129||-3.1%|
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Bancroft, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Bancroft. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change.
If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 1.24% smaller than the 2000 Census.
The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Bancroft was 0.15 square miles [0.4 km²]. Of this total, 0.14 square miles [0.4 km²] is land, with the balance (4.14%) being water (0 square miles [0 km²]).
The 2000 Census shows a total area of 0.15 square miles [0.4 km²]. Of this total, 0.14 square miles [0.4 km²] is land, with the balance (3.82%) being water (0 square miles [0 km²]).
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Bancroft, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Bancroft.
For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
Lat: 38.510908° (or 38°30'39" N) [Map]
Lon: -81.841581° (or -81°50'29" W)
For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
Lat: 38.510887° (or 38°30'39" N) [Map]
Lon: -81.841697° (or -81°50'30" W)
The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 33.97 feet to the east<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2390711) to Bancroft. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Bancroft. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
Lat: 38.510681° (or 38°30'38" N) [Map]
Lon: -81.841761° (or -81°50'30" W)
The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 97.4 feet to the northeast<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Bancroft. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Bancroft.
Miscellaneous Information for Bancroft ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has referenced one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Putnam County or the town of Bancroft:
The GNIS Codes ...
The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Bancroft:
GNIS ID for Bancroft: 2390711
GNIS ID for Putnam County: 1550046
GNIS ID for West Virginia: 1779805
The FIPS Codes ...
An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):
State Code: 54 (West Virginia)
County Code: 079 (Putnam County)
Place Code: 04204 (Bancroft)
State & County Code: 54/079 (West Virginia / Putnam County)
State & Place Code: 54/04204 (West Virginia / Bancroft)
Misc. Census Codes ...
Bancroft is located in Census Region #3 (the South Region) and Division #5 (the South Atlantic Division).
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Bancroft.
|<1>||Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2016.|
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|<2>||Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.|
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|<3>||A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).|
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|<4>||The communities in our count are those provided by the 2010 Census, so keep in mind that our population rings will only include the people living in those communities. Smaller communities usually don't participate directly in the Census and therefore they won't be included. While our count is a close approximation, it shouldn't be considered as a complete or accurate count.|
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|<5>||The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 283 degrees and a distance of 33.97 feet.|
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|<6>||The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 328 degrees and a distance of 97.4 feet.|
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For additional information, please visit our Glossary for Bancroft.