Census Data for West Salem ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2016 and it gives West Salem a population of 4,967 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, giving West Salem a population of 4,799 people.
The village of West Salem is located in La Crosse County. The 2010 Census gave La Crosse County a population of 114,638 people. This means that West Salem had 4.19% of the county's total population, making it La Crosse's 5th most populous community.
At the same time, Wisconsin had a population of 5,686,986 people, meaning that West Salem had 0.08% of the total population of Wisconsin - making it the state's 183rd most populous community.
When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a village like West Salem, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this is called a sampling area (or a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the village.
Things like the population, area and housing for West Salem reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of West Salem might be slightly different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau if you need precision.
The 2010 Census shows that the sample polygon for West Salem has a total area of 3.44 square miles [8.9 km²]. Of this total, a small amount of the area is covered by water (0.02 square miles [0.1 km²]).
La Crosse County has a land area of 451.7 square miles [1,169.9 km²]. At 3.42 square miles [8.9 km²], West Salem has 0.76% of the county's total land area.
Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually at the center of the polygon). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
Lat: 43° 53' 54" (or 43.9°) [Map]
Lon: -91° 5' 14" (or -91.09°)
More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Population Density ...
Using the population (4,799 people) and land area (3.42 square miles [8.9 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, West Salem had a population density of 1,395 people per square mile [538 people/km²].
In comparison, the 2000 Census shows West Salem had a population of 4,540 people and a land area of 2.38 square miles [6.2 km²]. This gives a population density of 1,903 people per square mile [734 people/km²]
NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for West Salem. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to a questionable comparison. More information about the nature of these changes can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, West Salem had 1,869 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 4,799 people, this averages 2.57 people per Housing Unit.
The 2010 Census shows West Salem had a land area of 3.42 square miles [8.9 km²]. This translates to 543 Housing Units per square mile [209.8 housing units/km²].
From the Census of 2000: West Salem had 1,765 Housing Units, a population of 4,540 people and a land area of 2.38 square miles [6.2 km²]. This gives a density of 2.57 people per Housing Unit and 739 Housing Units per square mile [285.6 housing units/km²].
NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for West Salem and you need to be careful when comparing values between the censuses. More information about these differences can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
La Crosse County ...
West Salem is located in La Crosse County.
The county had a population of 114,638 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 4,799 people, West Salem represented 4.19% of the county's total.
In addition, where the village of West Salem has a population density of 1,395 people per square mile [538 people/km²], La Crosse County averages 253.8 people per square mile [98 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for La Crosse County.
Population Rings for West Salem ...
To help identify the number of people who live in West Salem and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on West Salem. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>
| Radius ||No of|
|5 mi [8 km]||5||11,741||+3.09%|
|10 mi [16 km]||17||114,271||+3.01%|
|15 mi [24 km]||28||140,888||+2.81%|
|20 mi [32 km]||49||161,273||+2.87%|
|25 mi [40 km]||67||180,710||+2.94%|
|30 mi [48 km]||95||219,246||+2.65%|
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for West Salem, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of West Salem. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change.
If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 44.19% larger than the 2000 Census.
The 2010 Census shows that the total area for West Salem was 3.44 square miles [8.9 km²]. Of this total, 3.42 square miles [8.9 km²] is land, with the balance (0.64%) being water (0.02 square miles [0.1 km²]).
The 2000 Census shows a total area of 2.39 square miles [6.2 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of West Salem, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for West Salem.
For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
Lat: 43.898534° (or 43°53'54" N) [Map]
Lon: -91.087453° (or -91°5'14" W)
For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
Lat: 43.899795° (or 43°53'59" N) [Map]
Lon: -91.086614° (or -91°5'11" W)
The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 509 feet to the southwest<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#1584416) to West Salem. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of West Salem. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
Lat: 43.898577° (or 43°53'54" N) [Map]
Lon: -91.081802° (or -91°4'54" W)
The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 1,484 feet to the west<6> of the point given by the GNIS for West Salem. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for West Salem.
Miscellaneous Information for West Salem ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has referenced one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either La Crosse County or the village of West Salem:
The GNIS Codes ...
The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to West Salem:
GNIS ID for West Salem: 1584416
GNIS ID for La Crosse County: 1581091
GNIS ID for Wisconsin: 1779806
The FIPS Codes ...
An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):
State Code: 55 (Wisconsin)
County Code: 063 (La Crosse County)
Place Code: 86275 (West Salem)
State & County Code: 55/063 (Wisconsin / La Crosse County)
State & Place Code: 55/86275 (Wisconsin / West Salem)
Misc. Census Codes ...
West Salem is located in Census Region #2 (the Midwest Region) and Division #3 (the East North-Central Division).
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for West Salem.
|<1>||Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2016.|
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|<2>||Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.|
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|<3>||A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).|
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|<4>||The communities in our count are those provided by the 2010 Census, so keep in mind that our population rings will only include the people living in those communities. Smaller communities usually don't participate directly in the Census and therefore they won't be included. While our count is a close approximation, it shouldn't be considered as a complete or accurate count.|
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|<5>||The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 154 degrees and a distance of 509 feet.|
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|<6>||The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 90 degrees and a distance of 1,484 feet.|
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For additional information, please visit our Glossary for West Salem.