A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada

Town of Springfield, Wisconsin
(Marquette County)

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Census Data for Springfield ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2018 and it gave Springfield a population of 840 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Springfield a population of 830 people.

The community of Springfield is located in Marquette County. The 2010 Census gave Marquette County a population of 15,404 people. This means that Springfield had 5.39% of the county's total population, making it Marquette's 8th most populous community.

At the same time, Wisconsin had a population of 5,686,986 people, meaning that Springfield had 0.01% of the total population of Wisconsin - making it the state's 1048th most populous community.

Area ...

When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a community like Springfield, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually shaped as a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the community.

Things like the population, area and housing for Springfield reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Springfield might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.

The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Springfield has a total area of 34.81 square miles [90.2 km²]. Of this total, a small amount of the area is covered by water (0.33 square miles [0.9 km²]).

Marquette County has a land area of 455.6 square miles [1,180 km²]. At 34.48 square miles [89.3 km²], Springfield has 7.57% of the county's total land area.

Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:

Lat:   43° 56' 47"   (or 43.95°)             [Map]

Lon:   -89° 31' 56"   (or -89.53°)

More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Population Density ...

Using the population (830 people) and land area (34.48 square miles [89.3 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Springfield had a population density of 23.84 people per square mile [9.21 people/km²].

In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Springfield had a population of 628 people and a land area of 34.61 square miles [89.6 km²]. This gives a population density of 17.97 people per square mile [6.94 people/km²]

NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Springfield. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to a misleading comparison. More information about the nature of these differences can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Springfield had 634 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 830 people, this averages 1.31 people per Housing Unit.

The 2010 Census shows Springfield had a land area of 34.48 square miles [89.3 km²]. This translates to 18.21 Housing Units per square mile [7.03 housing units/km²].

From the Census of 2000: Springfield had 542 Housing Units, a population of 628 people and a land area of 34.61 square miles [89.6 km²]. This gives a density of 1.16 people per Housing Unit and 15.51 Housing Units per square mile [5.99 housing units/km²].

NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Springfield and you need to be careful when comparing values between the censuses. More information about these differences can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Marquette County ...

The community of Springfield is located in Marquette County.

The county had a population of 15,404 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 830 people, Springfield represented 5.39% of the county's total.

In addition, where the community of Springfield has a population density of 23.84 people per square mile [9.21 people/km²], Marquette County averages 33.81 people per square mile [13.05 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for Marquette County.

Population Rings for Springfield ...

To help identify the number of people who live in Springfield and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Springfield. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>

  Radius   No of
  Since 2010    
5 mi   [8 km]43,515+0.51%
10 mi   [16 km]1310,127-1.7%
15 mi   [24 km]3128,152-1.78%
20 mi   [32 km]5045,698-1.46%
25 mi   [40 km]7973,454-0.27%
30 mi   [48 km]108135,158---

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Springfield, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Springfield. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Area ...

There is only a very minor difference in the sampling area given between the 2010 Census and the 2000 Census.

The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Springfield was 34.81 square miles [90.2 km²]. Of this total, 34.48 square miles [89.3 km²] is land, with the balance (0.95%) being water (0.33 square miles [0.9 km²]).

The 2000 Census shows a total area of 34.94 square miles [90.5 km²]. Of this total, 34.61 square miles [89.6 km²] is land, with the balance (0.97%) being water (0.34 square miles [0.9 km²]).

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Springfield, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Springfield.

For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:

Lat:   43.946632°   (or 43°56'47" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -89.532388°   (or -89°31'56" W)

For the 2000 Census, the location given was:

Lat:   43.946893°   (or 43°56'48" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -89.532501°   (or -89°31'57" W)

The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 99.7 feet to the south<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#1584194) to Springfield. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Springfield. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:

Lat:   43.930531°   (or 43°55'49" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -89.532623°   (or -89°31'57" W)

The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 5,870 feet to the north<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Springfield. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Springfield.

Miscellaneous Information for Springfield ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Marquette County or the community of Springfield:

The GNIS Codes ...

The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Springfield:

GNIS ID for Springfield: 1584194

GNIS ID for Marquette County: 1581098

GNIS ID for Wisconsin: 1779806

The FIPS Codes ...

An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):

State Code: 55 (Wisconsin)

County Code: 077 (Marquette County)

Place Code: 75925 (Springfield)

State & County Code: 55/077 (Wisconsin / Marquette County)

State & Place Code: 55/75925 (Wisconsin / Springfield)

Misc. Census Codes ...

Springfield is located in Census Region #2 (the Midwest Region) and Division #3 (the East North-Central Division).

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Springfield.

Other Roadside Stops ...

Find a Community located in Wisconsin

About Marquette County

About Wisconsin

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Springfield. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for Marquette County:

The official website for State of Wisconsin:

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2018.
<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.
<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).
<4>The communities in our count are those provided by the 2010 Census, so keep in mind that our population rings will only include the people living in those communities. Smaller communities usually don't participate directly in the Census and therefore they won't be included. While our count is a close approximation, it shouldn't be considered as a complete or accurate count.
<5>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 197 degrees and a distance of 99.7 feet.
<6>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 359 degrees and a distance of 5,870 feet.






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This page was last modified: 26 Jan 2020