A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
Census Data for Gresham ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2017 and it gave Gresham a population of 566 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Gresham a population of 586 people.
The village of Gresham is located in Shawano County. The 2010 Census gave Shawano County a population of 41,949 people. This means that Gresham had 1.4% of the county's total population, making it Shawano's 25th most populous community.
When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a village like Gresham, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually shaped as a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the village.
Things like the population, area and housing for Gresham reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Gresham might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Gresham has a total area of 1.24 square miles [3.2 km²]. Of this total, 1.14 square miles [3 km²] is land, with the balance (7.98%) being water (0.1 square miles [0.3 km²]).
Shawano County has a land area of 893 square miles [2,313 km²]. At 1.14 square miles [3 km²], Gresham has 0.13% of the county's total land area.
Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
Lat: 44° 50' 51" (or 44.85°) [Map]
More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Population Density ...
Using the population (586 people) and land area (1.14 square miles [3 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Gresham had a population density of 472.6 people per square mile [182.5 people/km²].
In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Gresham had a population of 575 people and a land area of 1.14 square miles [3 km²]. This gives a population density of 462.2 people per square mile [178.5 people/km²]
NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Gresham. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to a misleading comparison. More information about the nature of these differences can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, Gresham had 280 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 586 people, this averages 2.09 people per Housing Unit.
The 2010 Census shows Gresham had a land area of 1.14 square miles [3 km²]. This translates to 225.8 Housing Units per square mile [87.2 housing units/km²].
From the Census of 2000: Gresham had 257 Housing Units, a population of 575 people and a land area of 1.14 square miles [3 km²]. This gives a density of 2.24 people per Housing Unit and 206.6 Housing Units per square mile [79.8 housing units/km²].
NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Gresham and you need to be careful when comparing values between the censuses. More information about these differences can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Shawano County ...
The community of Gresham is located in Shawano County.
The county had a population of 41,949 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 586 people, Gresham represented 1.4% of the county's total.
In addition, where the village of Gresham has a population density of 472.6 people per square mile [182.5 people/km²], Shawano County averages 46.97 people per square mile [18.14 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for Shawano County.
Population Rings for Gresham ...
To help identify the number of people who live in Gresham and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Gresham. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Gresham, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Gresham. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
There is only a very minor difference in the sampling area given between the 2010 Census and the 2000 Census.
The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Gresham was 1.24 square miles [3.2 km²]. Of this total, 1.14 square miles [3 km²] is land, with the balance (7.98%) being water (0.1 square miles [0.3 km²]).
The 2000 Census shows a total area of 1.24 square miles [3.2 km²]. Of this total, 1.14 square miles [3 km²] is land, with the balance (8.19%) being water (0.1 square miles [0.3 km²]).
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Gresham, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Gresham.
For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
Lat: 44.847642° (or 44°50'51" N) [Map]
For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
Lat: 44.849920° (or 44°50'59" N) [Map]
The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 868 feet to the south<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#1583326) to Gresham. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Gresham. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
Lat: 44.848588° (or 44°50'54" N) [Map]
The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 993 feet to the east<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Gresham. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Gresham.
Miscellaneous Information for Gresham ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Shawano County or the village of Gresham:
The GNIS Codes ...
The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Gresham:
GNIS ID for Gresham: 1583326
The FIPS Codes ...
An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):
State Code: 55 (Wisconsin)
County Code: 115 (Shawano County)
Place Code: 31675 (Gresham)
Misc. Census Codes ...
Gresham is located in Census Region #2 (the Midwest Region) and Division #3 (the East North-Central Division).
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Gresham.
Other Roadside Stops ...
Off-the-Road Links ...
The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau
Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Gresham. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.
The official website for Shawano County: www.co.shawano.wi.us/
The official website for State of Wisconsin: https://www.wisconsin.gov/
The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
Please keep in mind that we can not guarantee the accuracy or timeliness of the information on this website, so use with care. We encourage you to double-check the information that is critical to you.
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This page was last modified: 21 Jan 2019