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Census Data for Waterbury

Population ...

The last Decennial Census<1> was in 2010, which gave Waterbury a population of 1,763 people.

The village of Waterbury is located in Washington County. The 2010 Census gave Washington County; a population of 59,534 people. This means that Waterbury had 2.96% of the county's total population, making it Washington's 9th most populous community.

At the same time, Vermont had a population of 625,741 people, meaning that Waterbury had 0.28% of the total population of Vermont - making it the state's 99th most populous community.

Area ...

The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Waterbury has a total area of 1.93 square miles [5 km²]. Of this total, 1.89 square miles [4.9 km²] is land, with the balance (2.33%) being water (0.04 square miles [0.1 km²]).

Washington County has a land area of 687 square miles [1,779.9 km²]. At 1.89 square miles [4.9 km²], Waterbury has 0.27% of the county's total land area.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a village like Waterbury, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the village.
    • Things like population, area and housing for Waterbury reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Waterbury might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
    • Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
    • Lat:   44° 20' 33"   (or 44.34°)
    • Lon:   -72° 44' 41"   (or -72.74°)
    • More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Waterbury had 900 Housing Units<2> and with its population of 1,763 people, this averages 1.96 people per Housing Unit.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • The 2010 Census shows Waterbury had a land area of 1.89 square miles [4.9 km²]. This translates to 466.1 Housing Units per square mile [180 housing units/km²].
    • From the Census of 2000: Waterbury had 823 Housing Units, a population of 1,706 people and a land area of 1.78 square miles [4.6 km²]. This gives a density of 2.07 people per Housing Unit and 454.4 Housing Units per square mile [175.4 housing units/km²].
    • Note: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2010 and the 2000 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Waterbury and you need to be careful when comparing values between the censuses. More information about the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Washington County ...

The community of Waterbury is located in Washington County<3>.

The county had a population of 59,534 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 1,763 people, Waterbury represented 2.96% of the county's total.

In addition, where the village of Waterbury has a population density of 912 people per square mile [352.5 people/km²], Washington County averages 86.6 people per square mile [33.45 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for Washington County.

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Waterbury, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Waterbury. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • Although we don't have specific information about the shape of the polygon for Waterbury or how it changed has over time, there is some information that can give us some hints. For example, since the shape of the sampling area is directly related to the shape of the polygon, any change to area probably indicates a new shape for the polygon.
    • If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Waterbury, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Waterbury.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
    • Lat:   44.342769°   (or 44°20'33" N)
    • Lon:   -72.744961°   (or -72°44'41" W)
    • For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
    • Lat:   44.339620°   (or 44°20'22" N)
    • Lon:   -72.750363°   (or -72°45'1" W)
    • The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 1,817 feet to the northeast<4> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
    • The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2378329) to Waterbury. This identifier also marks a GPS point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Waterbury. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
    • Lat:   44.342754°   (or 44°20'33" N)
    • Lon:   -72.742930°   (or -72°44'34" W)
    • The GPS location given for the 2010 Census lies 529 feet to the west<5> of the point given by the GNIS for Waterbury. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Waterbury.

Miscellaneous Information for Waterbury ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Washington County or the village of Waterbury:

  • The GNIS Codes ...
    • The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Waterbury:
    • GNIS ID for Waterbury: 2378329
    • GNIS ID for Washington County: 1461768
    • GNIS ID for State of Vermont: 1779802
  • Misc. Census Codes ...
    • Waterbury is located in Census Region #1 (the Northeast Region) and Division #1 (the New England Division).
  • The US Postal Service ZIP Code ...
    • While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a village like Waterbury, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) Waterbury. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.
    • The ZIP code for Waterbury:05676<6>
  • Census ZCTA Codes ...
    • The US Census Bureau created statistical entities that they call ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) and these ZCTAs are frequently confused with the ZIP codes that come from the US Postal Service (USPS).
    • ZCTAs were first created for the 2000 Census and at that time, they were based upon the USPS ZIP codes. While largely covering the same areas, the boundaries of a ZCTA do not necessarily match the boundaries of a postal ZIP code with the same number. For example, while a postal ZIP code can cross a county or state line, a Census ZCTA can not. They should be treated as separate entities with no correlation between them.

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Waterbury.

The official website for Waterbury:

The official website for State of Vermont:

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Footnotes ...

<1>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.
<2>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).
<3>If you're interested in how the shape of Vermont's counties, including Washington, have changed over time, we recommend the Atlas of Historical County Boundaries.
<4>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 309 degrees and a distance of 1,817 feet.
<5>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 89 degrees and a distance of 529 feet.
<6>When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Waterbury or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).


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This page was last modified/updated: 20 Jul 2024