A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
Town of Castleton, Vermont
Census Data for Castleton ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2017 and it gave Castleton a population of 4,609 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Castleton a population of 4,717 people.
The community of Castleton is located in Rutland County. The 2010 Census gave Rutland County a population of 61,642 people. This means that Castleton had 7.65% of the county's total population, making it Rutland's 2nd most populous community.
When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a community like Castleton, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually shaped as a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the community.
Things like the population, area and housing for Castleton reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Castleton might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Castleton has a total area of 42.35 square miles [109.7 km²]. Of this total, 38.9 square miles [100.7 km²] is land, with the balance (8.15%) being water (3.45 square miles [8.9 km²]).
Rutland County has a land area of 929 square miles [2,408.2 km²]. At 38.9 square miles [100.7 km²], Castleton has 4.18% of the county's total land area.
Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
Lat: 43° 38' 8" (or 43.64°) [Map]
More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Population Density ...
Using the population (4,717 people) and land area (38.9 square miles [100.7 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Castleton had a population density of 111.4 people per square mile [43.01 people/km²].
In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Castleton had a population of 4,367 people and a land area of 39.02 square miles [101.1 km²]. This gives a population density of 103.1 people per square mile [39.81 people/km²]
NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Castleton. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to a misleading comparison. More information about the nature of these differences can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, Castleton had 2,216 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 4,717 people, this averages 2.13 people per Housing Unit.
The 2010 Census shows Castleton had a land area of 38.9 square miles [100.7 km²]. This translates to 52.3 Housing Units per square mile [20.2 housing units/km²].
From the Census of 2000: Castleton had 2,107 Housing Units, a population of 4,367 people and a land area of 39.02 square miles [101.1 km²]. This gives a density of 2.07 people per Housing Unit and 49.74 Housing Units per square mile [19.21 housing units/km²].
NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Castleton and you need to be careful when comparing numbers between the censuses. More information about the nature of these the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Rutland County ...
The community of Castleton is located in Rutland County.
The county had a population of 61,642 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 4,717 people, Castleton represented 7.65% of the county's total.
In addition, where the community of Castleton has a population density of 111.4 people per square mile [43.01 people/km²], Rutland County averages 66.3 people per square mile [25.6 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for Rutland County.
Population Rings for Castleton ...
To help identify the number of people who live in Castleton and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Castleton. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Castleton, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Castleton. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
There is only a very minor difference in the sampling area given between the 2010 Census and the 2000 Census.
The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Castleton was 42.35 square miles [109.7 km²]. Of this total, 38.9 square miles [100.7 km²] is land, with the balance (8.15%) being water (3.45 square miles [8.9 km²]).
The 2000 Census shows a total area of 42.36 square miles [109.7 km²]. Of this total, 39.02 square miles [101.1 km²] is land, with the balance (7.87%) being water (3.33 square miles [8.6 km²]).
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Castleton, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Castleton.
For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
Lat: 43.635671° (or 43°38'8" N) [Map]
For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
Lat: 43.625586° (or 43°37'32" N) [Map]
The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 7,667 feet to the northeast<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#1462065) to Castleton. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Castleton. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
Lat: 43.634788° (or 43°38'5" N) [Map]
The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 3,280 feet to the east<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Castleton. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Castleton.
Miscellaneous Information for Castleton ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Rutland County or the community of Castleton:
The GNIS Codes ...
The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Castleton:
GNIS ID for Castleton: 1462065
The FIPS Codes ...
An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):
State Code: 50 (Vermont)
County Code: 021 (Rutland County)
Place Code: 11950 (Castleton)
Misc. Census Codes ...
Castleton is located in Census Region #1 (the Northeast Region) and Division #1 (the New England Division).
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Castleton.
Other Roadside Stops ...
Off-the-Road Links ...
The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau
Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Castleton. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.
The official website for State of Vermont: https://www.vermont.gov/
The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
Please keep in mind that we can not guarantee the accuracy or timeliness of the information on this website, so use with care. We encourage you to double-check the information that is critical to you.
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This page was last modified: 07 Mar 2019