A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
Town of Canaan, Vermont
Census Data for Canaan ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2017 and it gave Canaan a population of 932 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Canaan a population of 972 people.
The community of Canaan is located in Essex County. The 2010 Census gave Essex County a population of 6,306 people. This means that Canaan had 15.41% of the county's total population, making it Essex's 4th most populous community.
When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a community like Canaan, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually shaped as a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the community.
Things like the population, area and housing for Canaan reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Canaan might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Canaan has a total area of 33.43 square miles [86.6 km²]. Of this total, 33.01 square miles [85.5 km²] is land, with the balance (1.24%) being water (0.41 square miles [1.1 km²]).
Essex County has a land area of 663 square miles [1,718.7 km²]. At 33.01 square miles [85.5 km²], Canaan has 4.97% of the county's total land area.
Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
Lat: 44° 59' 28" (or 44.99°) [Map]
More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Population Density ...
Using the population (972 people) and land area (33.01 square miles [85.5 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Canaan had a population density of 29.08 people per square mile [11.23 people/km²].
In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Canaan had a population of 1,078 people and a land area of 33.2 square miles [86 km²]. This gives a population density of 32.3 people per square mile [12.47 people/km²]
NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Canaan. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to a questionable comparison. More information about the nature of these changes can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, Canaan had 632 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 972 people, this averages 1.54 people per Housing Unit.
The 2010 Census shows Canaan had a land area of 33.01 square miles [85.5 km²]. This translates to 18.91 Housing Units per square mile [7.3 housing units/km²].
From the Census of 2000: Canaan had 650 Housing Units, a population of 1,078 people and a land area of 33.2 square miles [86 km²]. This gives a density of 1.66 people per Housing Unit and 19.48 Housing Units per square mile [7.52 housing units/km²].
NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Canaan and you need to be careful when comparing between the censuses. More information about these differences can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Essex County ...
The community of Canaan is located in Essex County.
The county had a population of 6,306 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 972 people, Canaan represented 15.41% of the county's total.
In addition, where the community of Canaan has a population density of 29.08 people per square mile [11.23 people/km²], Essex County averages 9.5 people per square mile [3.67 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for Essex County.
Population Rings for Canaan ...
To help identify the number of people who live in Canaan and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Canaan. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Canaan, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Canaan. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
There is only a very minor difference in the sampling area given between the 2010 Census and the 2000 Census.
The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Canaan was 33.43 square miles [86.6 km²]. Of this total, 33.01 square miles [85.5 km²] is land, with the balance (1.24%) being water (0.41 square miles [1.1 km²]).
The 2000 Census shows a total area of 33.38 square miles [86.4 km²]. Of this total, 33.2 square miles [86 km²] is land, with the balance (0.51%) being water (0.17 square miles [0.4 km²]).
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Canaan, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Canaan.
For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
Lat: 44.991320° (or 44°59'28" N) [Map]
For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
Lat: 44.988213° (or 44°59'17" N) [Map]
The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 2 miles to the west<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#1462064) to Canaan. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Canaan. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
Lat: 44.969213° (or 44°58'9" N) [Map]
The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 9,709 feet to the northwest<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Canaan. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Canaan.
Miscellaneous Information for Canaan ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Essex County or the community of Canaan:
The GNIS Codes ...
The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Canaan:
GNIS ID for Canaan: 1462064
The FIPS Codes ...
An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):
State Code: 50 (Vermont)
County Code: 009 (Essex County)
Place Code: 11800 (Canaan)
Misc. Census Codes ...
Canaan is located in Census Region #1 (the Northeast Region) and Division #1 (the New England Division).
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Canaan.
Other Roadside Stops ...
Off-the-Road Links ...
The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau
Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Canaan. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.
The official website for State of Vermont: https://www.vermont.gov/
The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
Please keep in mind that we can not guarantee the accuracy or timeliness of the information on this website, so use with care. We encourage you to double-check the information that is critical to you.
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This page was last modified: 07 Mar 2019