A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
Various Identification Codes ...
GNIS Codes ...
The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, chose a new name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).
The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).
A unique and permanent numeric identifier has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:
GNIS ID for Suffolk: 1498560
GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...
An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Suffolk, it is a point within Suffolk that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.
For Suffolk, the GNIS GPS location is given as:
Lat: 36° 43' 41" (or 36.73°)
Lon: -76° 35' 0" (or -76.58°) [Map]
Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Suffolk - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.
For Suffolk, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:
Lat: 36° 41' 49" (or 36.7°)
Lon: -76° 38' 5" (or -76.63°) [Map]
The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 3 miles to the southwest<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).
You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:
Lat: 36° 44' 28" (or 36.74°)
Lon: -76° 36' 35" (or -76.61°) [Map]
The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 3 miles to the northeast<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.
Regional Codes ...
For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Suffolk is located in Region #3 (the South Region).
In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Suffolk is located in Division #5 (the South Atlantic Division).
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Suffolk is located in Region III (Region 3).
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. Suffolk is located in Region III (Region 3).
Referenced GNIS Records ...
GNIS ID #1498560 (Name of Record: City of Suffolk)
A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).
A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.
County: Suffolk (city)
Map Name: Suffolk
Lat: 36.7084834 Lon: -76.6080074 [Map]
Elev: 12 ft.
GNIS ID #1500187 (Name of Record: Suffolk)
Class: populated place
A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.
A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.
County: Suffolk (city)
Map Name: Suffolk
Lat: 36.7282054 Lon: -76.5835621 [Map]
Elev: 15 ft.
Referenced FIPS Records ...
FIPS Code: 51/76432 (Place Name: Suffolk)
County: Suffolk (city) (FIPS State/County: 51/800)
GSA Code: 2390
MRF Code: 1200
MSA Code: 5720
Other Roadside Stops ...
Off-the-Road Links ...
The official website for Suffolk: www.suffolk.va.us/
The official website for State of Virginia: https://www.virginia.gov/
The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau
The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
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This page was last modified: 21 Sep 2020