RoadsideThoughts
A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
Community
Index
State
Index
Province
Index
County
Index
State
Quarters
 
Sitemap
     
Cemetery
Profile
Local
Newspapers
Nearby
Cemeteries
Nearby
Towns
Interactive
Map
  VA
Communities





The location of Jamison Cemetery









A visit to the Jamison Cemetery ...

The location of the Jamison Cemetery has been provided by the Geographic Names Information System (ie- the GNIS).<1>

Introduction ...

We have organized the cemeteries in our Gazetteer based on a problem that we had while working on our own genealogy. We found an ancestor that we believed to have been buried in one cemetery was actually buried elsewhere. We discovered that his burial had been refused at the last moment and the family had scrambled to make new arrangements. By looking at nearby cemeteries, the surrounding communities and in newspapers of the period, we were finally able to locate his burial site. Should you find yourself in the same situation, we hope that our Gazetteer helps you discover your lost ancestor.

This page contains six sections:

The Location of the Jamison Cemetery ...

The Jamison Cemetery is located in Franklin County. The county seat for Franklin County is located in Rocky Mount.

Below are the GPS coordinates (latitude and longitude) that we are using for the location of the Jamison Cemetery

Lat:   36.8629°   (36° 51' 46")

Lon:   -79.9206°   (-79° 55' 14")

Note: The GPS location that we are using for the Jamison Cemetery can be traced back to the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS)

List of the closest cemeteries ...

We know of 112 cemeteries that are within Less than 2 miles<2> of the Jamison Cemetery. The cemeteries are listed in alphabetical order.

Unless otherwise noted, the following cemeteries are located in Franklin County.

Adkins - Stone Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the West Southwest (WSW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Akers Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 5 miles [8 km] to the West Northwest (WNW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Altice Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 3 miles [4.8 km] to the East Northeast (ENE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Anderson - Hodges Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 4 miles [6.4 km] to the Northeast (NE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Anderson - Hodges Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the East Northeast (ENE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Anderson - Turner Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 5 miles [8 km] to the East Northeast (ENE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Angle Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the Northwest (NW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Antioch Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 5 miles [8 km] to the North (N) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Beach - Scott Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 3 miles [4.8 km] to the East Northeast (ENE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Bethlehem Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 3 miles [4.8 km] to the Northeast (NE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Beulah Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the Northeast (NE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Blackwell - Taylor Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 2 miles [3.2 km] to the East Northeast (ENE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Bousman - Johnson Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the East Northeast (ENE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Bowles Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the North Northwest (NNW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Bowles - Shelton Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 4 miles [6.4 km] to the West Southwest (WSW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Boyd Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the West Northwest (WNW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Brown Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies Less than 2 miles to the East Southeast (ESE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Bryant Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 4 miles [6.4 km] to the West Northwest (WNW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Byrd Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 4 miles [6.4 km] to the Northeast (NE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Canton Creek Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies Less than 2 miles to the North (N) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Carn Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the West Northwest (WNW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Carter Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 5 miles [8 km] to the West Northwest (WNW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Carver Memorial Gardens   [Map]
 - Located in Henry County
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the Southeast (SE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Davis Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 2 miles [3.2 km] to the South Southwest (SSW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Dudley - Tyree Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the North Northeast (NNE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Fairview Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the North (N) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Gardner Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies Less than 2 miles to the East Southeast (ESE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Gardner - Ramsey Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies Less than 2 miles to the East Southeast (ESE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Gusler Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 5 miles [8 km] to the West Southwest (WSW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Hall Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 4 miles [6.4 km] to the Northwest (NW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Hall - Hodges Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the Northeast (NE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Harrison Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the North Northeast (NNE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Helms - Dyer Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 5 miles [8 km] to the North Northwest (NNW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Henry Memorial Park   [Map]
 - Located in Henry County
 - Lies 5 miles [8 km] to the South (S) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Hodges - Austin Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the North Northwest (NNW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Hodges - Love Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 2 miles [3.2 km] to the Northeast (NE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Holcomb Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 2 miles [3.2 km] to the Southeast (SE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Hurt - Ferguson Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the Northwest (NW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Hurt - Thompson Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 2 miles [3.2 km] to the West (W) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Jamison Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the Southeast (SE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Lavinder Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the Northeast (NE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Lavinder - Garvin - Woods Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 3 miles [4.8 km] to the East Northeast (ENE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Law Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 4 miles [6.4 km] to the East (E) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Law - Cooper Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the Northeast (NE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Lipscomb Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 3 miles [4.8 km] to the West Northwest (WNW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Lipscomb - Thornton Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 2 miles [3.2 km] to the West (W) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Love Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 2 miles [3.2 km] to the North (N) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Love Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies Less than 2 miles to the Northeast (NE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Lovell Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 5 miles [8 km] to the West Southwest (WSW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Lovell - Tyree Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the Northeast (NE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Mathews Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 4 miles [6.4 km] to the Northeast (NE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
McGhee Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 4 miles [6.4 km] to the West Southwest (WSW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
McGhee - Taylor Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies Less than 2 miles to the Northwest (NW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
McGuire Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 2 miles [3.2 km] to the Northeast (NE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Meadors - James Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the West Northwest (WNW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Menefee Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 5 miles [8 km] to the North (N) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Metz - Nunn Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 3 miles [4.8 km] to the South (S) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Mill Creek Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 5 miles [8 km] to the West Southwest (WSW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Mills Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 4 miles [6.4 km] to the Northeast (NE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Mitchell - Anderson Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the Northeast (NE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Mt. Cassell Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the West Northwest (WNW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Mullins - East Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 4 miles [6.4 km] to the West Southwest (WSW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Nichols - Hodges - Davis Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the North (N) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Parcell Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 5 miles [8 km] to the East Northeast (ENE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Parcell Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the Northeast (NE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Pearson Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 2 miles [3.2 km] to the Southwest (SW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Pinckard - Tyree Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the North Northeast (NNE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Pleasant Hill Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 5 miles [8 km] to the North (N) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Providence Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies Less than 2 miles to the Northwest (NW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Quinn Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the North Northeast (NNE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Radley Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 5 miles [8 km] to the West (W) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Ramsey Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 3 miles [4.8 km] to the East Northeast (ENE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Ramsey Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies Less than 2 miles to the East Northeast (ENE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Ramsey Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies Less than 2 miles to the South Southeast (SSE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Ramsey - Stanley - King Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 2 miles [3.2 km] to the West Southwest (WSW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Randolph Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 4 miles [6.4 km] to the West (W) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Ratcliff - Whitlow - Young Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the West (W) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Rock Ridge Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 4 miles [6.4 km] to the Northwest (NW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
St. James Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the Northwest (NW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Sigmon Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 4 miles [6.4 km] to the West Northwest (WNW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Sloan Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 3 miles [4.8 km] to the West Northwest (WNW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Stanley Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies Less than 2 miles to the Northwest (NW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Starkey - Barbour Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 2 miles [3.2 km] to the South (S) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Stone - Bondurant - Johnson Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 5 miles [8 km] to the West Southwest (WSW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Stone Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 5 miles [8 km] to the East Northeast (ENE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Story Creek Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the North Northwest (NNW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Taylor Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies Less than 2 miles to the Southeast (SE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Thomas Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the West Southwest (WSW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Thornton Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies Less than 2 miles to the Southwest (SW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Town Creek Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 3 miles [4.8 km] to the West Southwest (WSW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Turner Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the West (W) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Turner - Hickman Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the West Northwest (WNW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Tyree - Gray - Hickman - Washington Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the North Northeast (NNE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Tyree - Houston Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 5 miles [8 km] to the Northeast (NE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Tyree - Turner - Ramsey Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 4 miles [6.4 km] to the East Northeast (ENE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Wade Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the North Northwest (NNW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Wade - Hodges Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the Northeast (NE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Williams Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 2 miles [3.2 km] to the South (S) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Williams Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies Less than 2 miles to the West (W) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Woody Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 5 miles [8 km] to the Northeast (NE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Woody Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 5 miles [8 km] to the Northeast (NE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Woody Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 5 miles [8 km] to the Northeast (NE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Woody Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 5 miles [8 km] to the Northeast (NE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Woody Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 5 miles [8 km] to the Northeast (NE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Woody Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the Northeast (NE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Woody - Richards Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 5 miles [8 km] to the North Northeast (NNE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Wray Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 3 miles [4.8 km] to the South Southwest (SSW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Young Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 3 miles [4.8 km] to the South Southeast (SSE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Young Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 2 miles [3.2 km] to the North (N) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Young Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 4 miles [6.4 km] to the Northwest (NW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Young Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 3 miles [4.8 km] to the West Northwest (WNW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Young Cemetery   [Map]
 - Lies 2 miles [3.2 km] to the South Southeast (SSE) of the Jamison Cemetery

For an expanded list with details, please visit our List of cemeteries.

List of neighboring communities ...

The following 19 communities are within 10 miles [16.1 km] of the Jamison Cemetery.

Bassett   [Map]     Martinsville   [Map]    
Boones Mill   [Map]     Oak Level   [Map]    
Chatmoss   [Map]     Penhook   [Map]    
Collinsville   [Map]     Pizarro   [Map]    
Ferrum   [Map]     Reed Creek Village   [Map]    
Fieldale   [Map]     Rocky Mount   [Map]    
Henry   [Map]     Stanleytown   [Map]    
Horse Pasture   [Map]     Union Hall   [Map]    
Laprades Mill   [Map]     Villa Heights   [Map]    
Laurel Park   [Map]      

For the full list with details, please visit our List of Communities.

Nearby communities with newspapers ...

The following communities are those where newspapers have been published and are located in the vicinity of the Jamison Cemetery. Unless otherwise noted, the following communities are located in Franklin County.

More information can be found on our list of Local Newspapers for the Jamison Cemetery.

Bassett   [Map]
 - Located in Henry County
 - Lies 8 miles [12.9 km] to the South Southwest (SSW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Ferrum   [Map]
 - Lies 6 miles [9.7 km] to the Northwest (NW) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Floyd   [Map]
 - Located in Floyd County
 - Lies 22 miles [35.4 km] to the West (W) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Martinsville   [Map]
 - Located in Martinsville City
 - Lies 12 miles [19.3 km] to the South Southeast (SSE) of the Jamison Cemetery
 
Rocky Mount   [Map]
 - Lies 9 miles [14.5 km] to the North (N) of the Jamison Cemetery

Websites to help with your genealogy research ...

When we do our genealogical research, we first visit the websites from Cyndi's List, FamilySearch and Genealogy Trails. These websites either offer the information directly or else point to where you can find it. Their information is open to all and free to view - although it should be mentioned that they might link to other websites which do charge.

To help you get started, the following links will take you to the pages that might help with the Jamison Cemetery:

For pages that are specific to Virginia:

Cyndi's List     Family Search     Genealogy Trails    

These pages are specific to Franklin County:

Cyndi's List     Family Search     Genealogy Trails    

Genealogy information for nearby counties:

Caswell County (NC):     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
Genealogy
Trails

 
Forsyth County (NC):     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
Genealogy
Trails

 
Guilford County (NC):     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
Genealogy
Trails

 
Lenoir County (NC):     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
Genealogy
Trails

 
Person County (NC):     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
Genealogy
Trails

 
Rockingham County (NC):     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
Genealogy
Trails

 
Stokes County (NC):     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
Genealogy
Trails

 
Surry County (NC):     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
Genealogy
Trails

 
Bedford City:     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
 
Bedford County:     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
Genealogy
Trails

 
Botetourt County:     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
Genealogy
Trails

 
Campbell County:     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
Genealogy
Trails

 
Carroll County:     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
Genealogy
Trails

 
Craig County:     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
Genealogy
Trails

 
Danville City:     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
 
Floyd County:     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
Genealogy
Trails

 
Giles County:     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
Genealogy
Trails

 
Halifax County:     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
Genealogy
Trails

 
Henry County:     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
Genealogy
Trails

 
Martinsville City:     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
 
Montgomery County:     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
Genealogy
Trails

 
Patrick County:     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
Genealogy
Trails

 
Pittsylvania County:     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
Genealogy
Trails

 
Pulaski County:     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
Genealogy
Trails

 
Radford City:     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
 
Roanoke City:     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
 
Roanoke County:     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
Genealogy
Trails

 
Salem City:     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
 
Southampton County:     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
Genealogy
Trails

 
Wythe County:     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
Genealogy
Trails

 
Monroe County (WV):     Cyndi's
List

 
Family
Search

 
Genealogy
Trails

 

Cemetery Information and Directories for Virginia:

Cyndi's List:   Cemeteries of Virginia,
Cemeteries of Franklin County
 
Cemetery Junction:   Directory for Virginia
 
FamilySearch.org:   Cemetery Wiki for Virginia
 
Find-A-Grave:   Home Page
 
Internment.net:   Cemeteries of Virginia,
Cemeteries of Franklin County
 

Of Special Interest ...

The GenDisasters website specializes in newspaper articles about tragedies and disasters. While it makes interesting reading all by itself, it should be of special interest to genealogists and family historians looking for people who were either affected by or directly involved in such tragedies.

Disaster Stories from Virginia

Miscellaneous References and Mentions of the Jamison Cemetery ...

Our approach is to add the name of a cemetery whenever we see it mentioned - usually in newspapers, old books or maps. Typically we have little information to start with, but we try to add detail as we continue our research. We've created the following list to keep track of the sources we found useful in our research about the Jamison Cemetery.

Referenced GNIS Record ...

GNIS ID #1791568   (Name of Record: Jamison Cemetery)

Class: cemetery
County: Franklin
Lat: 36.8629161     Lon: -79.9205925   [Map]
Elev: 357         Map Name: Bassett

Other Roadside Stops ...

Cities, Towns and Villages of Virginia

About Franklin County

About Virginia

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website for Franklin County: www.franklincountyva.org/

The official website for State of Virginia: https://www.virginia.gov/

Footnotes ...

<1>The location has been supplied by the Geographic Names Information System - which is maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). While these values should be definitive, we have found that accuracy can vary and you should double-check the location if accuracy is required.

- Return to Citation

<2>Our distances are not driving distances, but are calculated as a 'straight-line' (or point-to-point) distance. A straight line distance ignores obstructions like rivers, canyons, lakes, et cetera - it's truly a line drawn from Point A (ie- ) to Point B.

Our distance measurements begin at a specific point at the Jamison Cemetery. The point we use is located at these GPS coordinates - Latitude: 36.8629, Longitude: -79.9206     [Map].   In this case, the coordinates for the Jamison Cemetery have been provided by the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS).

- Return to Citation





 

 

 

 

 


Home
Page
Sitemap Privacy
Statement
Terms
of Use
Feedback

 

 

Copyright 2019
All Rights Reserved

Please keep in mind that we can not guarantee the accuracy or timeliness of the information on this website, so use with care. We encourage you to double-check the information that is critical to you.

If you've found an error or have additional information that you would like to share, please don't hesitate to write. Click here to contact us.

This page was last modified: 18 Mar 2019