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Miscellaneous Information


Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, chose a name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent identifier has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Oliver Springs: 2407045

GNIS ID for Anderson County: 1639722

GNIS ID for Tennessee: 1325873

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies created a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Oliver Springs:

Place (Community) Code:  55800
State Code:  47 (Tennessee)
County Code:  001 (Anderson County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  47/55800
State/County Code:  47/001

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code
translates to    
GNIS Code
State of Tennessee:    47   1325873
Anderson County:    47/001   1639722
Oliver Springs:    47/55800   2407045

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Oliver Springs, it is a point within Oliver Springs that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Oliver Springs, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   36° 2' 19"   (or 36.04°)

Lon:   -84° 19' 41"   (or -84.33°)  

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Oliver Springs - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For Oliver Springs, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   36° 2' 23"   (or 36.04°)

Lon:   -84° 19' 42"   (or -84.33°)  

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 471.7 feet to the north<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   36° 2' 17"   (or 36.04°)

Lon:   -84° 20' 12"   (or -84.34°)  

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 2,582 feet to the west<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Oliver Springs is located in Region #3 (the South Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Oliver Springs is located in Division #6 (the East South-Central Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Oliver Springs is located in Region IV (Region 4).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. Oliver Springs is located in Region IV (Region 4).

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #1296424   (Name of Record: Oliver Springs)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Roane

Map Name: Windrock

Lat: 36.0445223       Lon: -84.3443718  

Elev: 243 ft.


GNIS ID #2407045   (Name of Record: Town of Oliver Springs)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: Anderson

Map Name: Windrock

Lat: 36.0386864       Lon: -84.328317  

Elev: 278 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 47/55800   (Place Name: Oliver Springs)

County: Anderson     (FIPS State/County: 47/001      Count/Seq: 03/01)

Class: C1

Identifies an incorporated place (ie- Oliver Springs) that does not serve as a primary county division - or in other words, it is included in and is part of a primary county division (ie- Anderson County).

GSA Code: 1870

MRF Code: 1090

MSA Code: 3840

The official website for Oliver Springs: www.oliverspringscity.com/

The official website for State of Tennessee: https://www.tn.gov/


The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 4 degrees and a distance of 471.7 feet.
<2>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2000 Census location is 105 degrees and a distance of 2,582 feet.









 

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This page was last modified/updated: 20 Jul 2024