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Etowah, Tennessee

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Census Data for Etowah ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2018 and it gave Etowah a population of 3,482 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Etowah a population of 3,490 people.

The city of Etowah is located in McMinn County. The 2010 Census gave McMinn County a population of 52,266 people. This means that Etowah had 6.68% of the county's total population, making it McMinn's 2nd most populous community.

At the same time, Tennessee had a population of 6,346,105 people, meaning that Etowah had 0.05% of the total population of Tennessee - making it the state's 124th most populous community.

Area ...

When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like Etowah, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually shaped as a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.

Things like the population, area and housing for Etowah reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Etowah might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.

The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Etowah has a total area of 2.92 square miles [7.6 km²].

McMinn County has a land area of 430.1 square miles [1,114 km²]. At 2.92 square miles [7.6 km²], Etowah has 0.68% of the county's total land area.

Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:

Lat:   35° 20' 18"   (or 35.34°)             [Map]

Lon:   -84° 31' 41"   (or -84.53°)

More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Population Density ...

Using the population (3,490 people) and land area (2.92 square miles [7.6 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Etowah had a population density of 1,195 people per square mile [461.5 people/km²].

In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Etowah had a population of 3,663 people and a land area of 2.77 square miles [7.2 km²]. This gives a population density of 1,321 people per square mile [510 people/km²]

NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Etowah. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to a misleading comparison. More information about the nature of these differences can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Etowah had 1,725 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 3,490 people, this averages 2.02 people per Housing Unit.

The 2010 Census shows Etowah had a land area of 2.92 square miles [7.6 km²]. This translates to 590 Housing Units per square mile [228.1 housing units/km²].

From the Census of 2000: Etowah had 1,769 Housing Units, a population of 3,663 people and a land area of 2.77 square miles [7.2 km²]. This gives a density of 2.07 people per Housing Unit and 638 Housing Units per square mile [246.5 housing units/km²].

NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Etowah and you need to be careful when comparing between the censuses. More information about these differences can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

McMinn County ...

Etowah is located in McMinn County.

The county had a population of 52,266 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 3,490 people, Etowah represented 6.68% of the county's total.

In addition, where the city of Etowah has a population density of 1,195 people per square mile [461.5 people/km²], McMinn County averages 121.5 people per square mile [46.92 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for McMinn County.

Population Rings for Etowah ...

To help identify the number of people who live in Etowah and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Etowah. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>

  Radius   No of
  Since 2010    
5 mi   [8 km]13,482-0.23%
10 mi   [16 km]318,863+2.07%
15 mi   [24 km]927,887+2.59%
20 mi   [32 km]1135,402+2.48%
25 mi   [40 km]1683,409+5.87%
30 mi   [48 km]21100,818+5.61%

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Etowah, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Etowah. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Area ...

The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 5.37% larger than the 2000 Census.

The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Etowah was 2.92 square miles [7.6 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.

The 2000 Census shows a total area of 2.77 square miles [7.2 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Etowah, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Etowah.

For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:

Lat:   35.338416°   (or 35°20'18" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -84.528084°   (or -84°31'41" W)

For the 2000 Census, the location given was:

Lat:   35.329579°   (or 35°19'46" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -84.528196°   (or -84°31'41" W)

The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 3,221 feet to the north<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2403572) to Etowah. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Etowah. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:

Lat:   35.338570°   (or 35°20'18" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -84.527887°   (or -84°31'40" W)

The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 81.1 feet to the southwest<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Etowah. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Etowah.

Miscellaneous Information for Etowah ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either McMinn County or the city of Etowah:

The GNIS Codes ...

The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Etowah:

GNIS ID for Etowah: 2403572

GNIS ID for McMinn County: 1639773

GNIS ID for Tennessee: 1325873

The FIPS Codes ...

An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):

State Code: 47 (Tennessee)

County Code: 107 (McMinn County)

Place Code: 24480 (Etowah)

State & County Code: 47/107 (Tennessee / McMinn County)

State & Place Code: 47/24480 (Tennessee / Etowah)

Misc. Census Codes ...

Etowah is located in Census Region #3 (the South Region) and Division #6 (the East South-Central Division).

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Etowah.

Other Roadside Stops ...

Index of Cities, Towns and Villages for Tennessee

About McMinn County

About Tennessee

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Etowah. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for McMinn County:

The official website for State of Tennessee:

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2018.

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<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.

- Return to Citation

<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).

- Return to Citation

<4>The communities in our count are those provided by the 2010 Census, so keep in mind that our population rings will only include the people living in those communities. Smaller communities usually don't participate directly in the Census and therefore they won't be included. While our count is a close approximation, it shouldn't be considered as a complete or accurate count.

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<5>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 359 degrees and a distance of 3,221 feet.

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<6>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 133 degrees and a distance of 81.1 feet.

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This page was last modified: 15 Nov 2019