A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
Census Data for Elkton ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2018 and it gave Elkton a population of 529 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Elkton a population of 578 people.
The city of Elkton is located in Giles County. The 2010 Census gave Giles County a population of 29,485 people. This means that Elkton had 1.96% of the county's total population, making it Giles' 3rd most populous community.
At the same time, Tennessee had a population of 6,346,105 people.
When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like Elkton, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually shaped as a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.
Things like the population, area and housing for Elkton reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Elkton might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Elkton has a total area of 2.16 square miles [5.6 km²].
Giles County has a land area of 610 square miles [1,582.3 km²]. At 2.16 square miles [5.6 km²], Elkton has 0.35% of the county's total land area.
Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
Lat: 35° 3' 42" (or 35.06°) [Map]
More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Population Density ...
Using the population (578 people) and land area (2.16 square miles [5.6 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Elkton had a population density of 267.7 people per square mile [103.4 people/km²].
In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Elkton had a population of 510 people and a land area of 1.5 square miles [3.9 km²]. This gives a population density of 340.6 people per square mile [131.5 people/km²]
NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Elkton. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to an apple-to-oranges comparison. More information about the changes can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, Elkton had 275 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 578 people, this averages 2.1 people per Housing Unit.
The 2010 Census shows Elkton had a land area of 2.16 square miles [5.6 km²]. This translates to 127.4 Housing Units per square mile [49.18 housing units/km²].
From the Census of 2000: Elkton had 226 Housing Units, a population of 510 people and a land area of 1.5 square miles [3.9 km²]. This gives a density of 2.26 people per Housing Unit and 150.9 Housing Units per square mile [58.3 housing units/km²].
NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Elkton and you need to be careful when comparing results between the censuses. More information about these differences can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Giles County ...
The community of Elkton is located in Giles County.
The county had a population of 29,485 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 578 people, Elkton represented 1.96% of the county's total.
In addition, where the city of Elkton has a population density of 267.7 people per square mile [103.4 people/km²], Giles County averages 48.26 people per square mile [18.63 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for Giles County.
Population Rings for Elkton ...
To help identify the number of people who live in Elkton and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Elkton. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Elkton, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Elkton. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 44.19% larger than the 2000 Census.
The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Elkton was 2.16 square miles [5.6 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.
The 2000 Census shows a total area of 1.5 square miles [3.9 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Elkton, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Elkton.
For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
Lat: 35.061837° (or 35°3'42" N) [Map]
For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
Lat: 35.062892° (or 35°3'46" N) [Map]
The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 420.8 feet to the southeast<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2403557) to Elkton. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Elkton. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
Lat: 35.061814° (or 35°3'42" N) [Map]
The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 35.62 feet to the west<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Elkton. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Elkton.
Miscellaneous Information for Elkton ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Giles County or the city of Elkton:
The GNIS Codes ...
The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Elkton:
GNIS ID for Elkton: 2403557
The FIPS Codes ...
An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):
State Code: 47 (Tennessee)
County Code: 055 (Giles County)
Place Code: 23660 (Elkton)
Misc. Census Codes ...
Elkton is located in Census Region #3 (the South Region) and Division #6 (the East South-Central Division).
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Elkton.
Other Roadside Stops ...
Off-the-Road Links ...
The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau
Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Elkton. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.
The official website for Giles County: www.gilescounty-tn.us/
The official website for State of Tennessee: https://www.tn.gov/
The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
Please keep in mind that we can not guarantee the accuracy or timeliness of the information on this website, so use with care. We encourage you to double-check the information that is critical to you.
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This page was last modified: 21 Oct 2019