A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
Home >> State of South Dakota >> Faulk County >> Onaka >> Census DataIndex...

Learn About
The Commemorative
Quarter for
South Dakota

The Commemorative Quarter for South Dakota

Census Data for Onaka

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2019 and it gave Onaka a population of 14 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Onaka a population of 15 people.

The town of Onaka is located in Faulk County. The 2010 Census gave Faulk County; a population of 2,364 people. This means that Onaka had 0.63% of the county's total population, making it Faulk's 8th most populous community.

At the same time, South Dakota had a population of 814,180 people.

Area ...

The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Onaka has a total area of 0.27 square miles [0.7 km²]. Of this total, 0.26 square miles [0.7 km²] is land, with the balance (4.43%) being water (0.01 square miles [0 km²]).

Faulk County has a land area of 981 square miles [2,542.7 km²]. At 0.26 square miles [0.7 km²], Onaka has 0.03% of the county's total land area.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a town like Onaka, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the town.
    • Things like population, area and housing for Onaka reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Onaka might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
    • Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
    • Lat:   45° 11' 28"   (or 45.19°)
    • Lon:   -99° 27' 52"   (or -99.46°)
    • More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Onaka had 22 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 15 people, this averages 0.68 people per Housing Unit.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • The 2010 Census shows Onaka had a land area of 0.26 square miles [0.7 km²]. This translates to 81.2 Housing Units per square mile [31.34 housing units/km²].
    • From the Census of 2000: Onaka had 25 Housing Units, a population of 30 people and a land area of 0.27 square miles [0.7 km²]. This gives a density of 1.2 people per Housing Unit and 91.7 Housing Units per square mile [35.42 housing units/km²].
    • Note: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2010 Census and the 2000 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Onaka and you need to be careful when comparing values between the censuses. More information about the nature of these the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Faulk County ...

The community of Onaka is located in Faulk County<4>.

The county had a population of 2,364 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 15 people, Onaka represented 0.63% of the county's total.

In addition, where the town of Onaka has a population density of 55.4 people per square mile [21.37 people/km²], Faulk County averages 2.41 people per square mile [0.93 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for Faulk County.

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Onaka, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Onaka. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • Although we don't have specific information about the shape of the polygon for Onaka or how it changed has over time, there is some information that can give us some hints. For example, since the shape of the sampling area is directly related to the shape of the polygon, any change to area probably indicates a new shape for the polygon.
    • If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Onaka, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Onaka.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
    • Lat:   45.191180°   (or 45°11'28" N)
    • Lon:   -99.464715°   (or -99°27'52" W)
    • For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
    • Lat:   45.192560°   (or 45°11'33" N)
    • Lon:   -99.466932°   (or -99°28'0" W)
    • The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 760 feet to the southeast<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
    • The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#1267523) to Onaka. This identifier also marks a GPS point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Onaka. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
    • Lat:   45.191089°   (or 45°11'27" N)
    • Lon:   -99.464838°   (or -99°27'53" W)
    • The GPS location given for the 2010 Census lies 45.82 feet to the northeast<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Onaka. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Onaka.

Miscellaneous Information for Onaka ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Faulk County or the town of Onaka:

  • The GNIS Codes ...
    • The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Onaka:
    • GNIS ID for Onaka: 1267523
    • GNIS ID for Faulk County: 1265760
    • GNIS ID for State of South Dakota: 1785534
  • Misc. Census Codes ...
    • Onaka is located in Census Region #2 (the Midwest Region) and Division #4 (the West North-Central Division).
  • The US Postal Service ZIP Code ...
    • While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a town like Onaka, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) Onaka. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.
    • The ZIP code for Onaka:57466<7>
  • Census ZCTA Codes ...
    • The US Census Bureau created statistical entities that they call ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) and these ZCTAs are frequently confused with the ZIP codes that come from the US Postal Service (USPS).
    • ZCTAs were first created for the 2000 Census and at that time, they were based upon the USPS ZIP codes. While largely covering the same areas, the boundaries of a ZCTA do not necessarily match the boundaries of a postal ZIP code with the same number. For example, while a postal ZIP code can cross a county or state line, a Census ZCTA can not. They should be treated as separate entities with no correlation between them.

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Onaka.

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Onaka. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for State of South Dakota:

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2019.
<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.
<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).
<4>If you're interested in how the shape of South Dakota's counties, including Faulk, have changed over time, we recommend the Atlas of Historical County Boundaries.
<5>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 228 degrees and a distance of 760 feet.
<6>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 316 degrees and a distance of 45.82 feet.
<7>When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Onaka or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).


Copyright 2023
All Rights Reserved

Thank you for visiting our website.

In closing, please keep in mind that we can not guarantee the accuracy or timeliness of the information on this website, so use with care. We encourage you to double-check the information that is critical to you.

If you've found an error or have additional information that you would like to share, please don't hesitate to write: Click here to contact us.

This page was last modified/updated: 04 Dec 2023