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Lead, South Dakota

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Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, establish a name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent identifier has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Lead: 1267455

GNIS ID for Lawrence County: 1266996

GNIS ID for South Dakota: 1785534

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies worked together to create a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Lead:

Place (Community) Code:  36220
State Code:  46 (South Dakota)
County Code:  081 (Lawrence County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  46/36220
State/County Code:  46/081

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code   translates to   GNIS Code
State of South Dakota:    46   1785534
Lawrence County:    46/081   1266996
Lead:    46/36220   1267455

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Lead, it is a point within Lead that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Lead, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   44° 21' 7"   (or 44.35°)

Lon:   -103° 46' 2"   (or -103.77°)   [Map]

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Lead - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For Lead, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   44° 21' 9"   (or 44.35°)

Lon:   -103° 46' 1"   (or -103.77°)   [Map]

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 215.6 feet to the north<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   44° 21' 3"   (or 44.35°)

Lon:   -103° 45' 56"   (or -103.77°)   [Map]

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 742 feet to the southeast<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Lead is located in Region #2 (the Midwest Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Lead is located in Division #4 (the West North-Central Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Lead is located in Region VIII (Region 8).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. Lead is located in Region VIII (Region 8).

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #1265276   (Name of Record: Lead)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Lawrence

Map Name: Lead

Lat: 44.3522065       Lon: -103.7651984   [Map]

Elev: 1589 ft.


GNIS ID #1267455   (Name of Record: City of Lead)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: Lawrence

Map Name: Lead

Lat: 44.3522065       Lon: -103.7674207   [Map]

Elev: 1599 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 46/36220   (Place Name: Lead)

County: Lawrence     (FIPS State/County: 46/081)

Class: C5

GSA Code: 1600

MRF Code: 805

Other Roadside Stops ...

Search for a South Dakota Community

About Lawrence County

About South Dakota

Off-the-Road Links ...

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Lead. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for Lawrence County: www.lawrence.sd.us/

The official website for State of South Dakota: sd.gov/


The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 339 degrees and a distance of 215.6 feet.
<2>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2000 Census location is 208 degrees and a distance of 742 feet.




 

 

 

 

 


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This page was last modified: 12 Sep 2020