Census Data for Hill City ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2019 and it gave Hill City a population of 1,032 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Hill City a population of 948 people.
The city of Hill City is located in Pennington County. The 2010 Census gave Pennington County; a population of 100,948 people. This means that Hill City had 0.94% of the county's total population, making it Pennington's 7th most populous community.
At the same time, South Dakota had a population of 814,180 people, meaning that Hill City had 0.12% of the total population of South Dakota - making it the state's 93rd most populous community.
The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Hill City has a total area of 1.26 square miles [3.3 km²]. Of this total, a small amount of the area is covered by water (0 square miles [0 km²]).
Pennington County has a land area of 2,776 square miles [7,191.2 km²]. At 1.26 square miles [3.3 km²], Hill City has 0.05% of the county's total land area.
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- When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like Hill City, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.
- Things like population, area and housing for Hill City reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Hill City might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
- Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
- Lat: 43° 55' 58" (or 43.93°)
- Lon: -103° 34' 3" (or -103.57°)
- More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, Hill City had 473 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 948 people, this averages 2 people per Housing Unit.
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- The 2010 Census shows Hill City had a land area of 1.26 square miles [3.3 km²]. This translates to 373.9 Housing Units per square mile [144.4 housing units/km²].
- From the Census of 2000: Hill City had 340 Housing Units, a population of 780 people and a land area of 0.77 square miles [2 km²]. This gives a density of 2.29 people per Housing Unit and 436.4 Housing Units per square mile [168.5 housing units/km²].
- Note: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2010 Census and the 2000 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Hill City and you need to be careful when comparing between the censuses. More information about the nature of these the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Pennington County ...
The community of Hill City is located in Pennington County<4>.
The county had a population of 100,948 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 948 people, Hill City represented 0.94% of the county's total.
In addition, where the city of Hill City has a population density of 749 people per square mile [289.3 people/km²], Pennington County averages 36.36 people per square mile [14.04 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for Pennington County.
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Hill City, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Hill City. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change.
- Continue Reading ...
- Although we don't have specific information about the shape of the polygon for Hill City or how it changed has over time, there is some information that can give us some hints. For example, since the shape of the sampling area is directly related to the shape of the polygon, any change to area probably indicates a new shape for the polygon.
- If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Hill City, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Hill City.
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- For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
- Lat: 43.932942° (or 43°55'58" N)
- Lon: -103.567517° (or -103°34'3" W)
- For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
- Lat: 43.933675° (or 43°56'1" N)
- Lon: -103.571415° (or -103°34'17" W)
- The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 1,057 feet to the east<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
- The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#1267423) to Hill City. This identifier also marks a GPS point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Hill City. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
- Lat: 43.931930° (or 43°55'54" N)
- Lon: -103.571860° (or -103°34'18" W)
- The GPS location given for the 2010 Census lies 1,198 feet to the east<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Hill City. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Hill City.
Miscellaneous Information for Hill City ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Pennington County or the city of Hill City:
- The GNIS Codes ...
- The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Hill City:
- GNIS ID for Hill City: 1267423
- GNIS ID for Pennington County: 1266995
- GNIS ID for State of South Dakota: 1785534
- Misc. Census Codes ...
- Hill City is located in Census Region #2 (the Midwest Region) and Division #4 (the West North-Central Division).
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Hill City.
Other Roadside Stops ...
Find a Community within South Dakota
About Pennington County
About South Dakota
Off-the-Road Links ...
Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Hill City. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.
The official website for Pennington County: www.co.pennington.sd.us/
The official website for State of South Dakota: sd.gov/
The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau
The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
|<1>||Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2019.|
|<2>||Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.|
|<3>||A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).|
|<4>||If you're interested in how the shape of South Dakota's counties, including Pennington, have changed over time, we recommend the Atlas of Historical County Boundaries.|
|<5>||The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 255 degrees and a distance of 1,057 feet.|
|<6>||The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 287 degrees and a distance of 1,198 feet.|