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Miscellaneous Information


Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, establish a new name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent identification number has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Walden: 2391190

GNIS ID for Orange County: 974134

GNIS ID for New York: 1779796

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies worked together to create a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Walden:

Place (Community) Code:  77849
State Code:  36 (New York)
County Code:  071 (Orange County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  36/77849
State/County Code:  36/071

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code
translates to    
GNIS Code
State of New York:    36   1779796
Orange County:    36/071   974134
Walden:    36/77849   2391190

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Walden, it is a point within Walden that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Walden, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   41° 33' 36"   (or 41.56°)

Lon:   -74° 11' 16"   (or -74.19°)  

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Walden - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For Walden, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   41° 33' 35"   (or 41.56°)

Lon:   -74° 11' 17"   (or -74.19°)  

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 152.7 feet to the southwest<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   41° 33' 40"   (or 41.56°)

Lon:   -74° 11' 21"   (or -74.19°)  

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 580 feet to the northwest<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Walden is located in Region #1 (the Northeast Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Walden is located in Division #2 (the Middle Atlantic Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Walden is located in Region II (Region 2).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. Walden is located in Region II (Region 2).

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #968659   (Name of Record: Walden)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Orange

Map Name: Walden

Lat: 41.5612048       Lon: -74.1884806  

Elev: 114 ft.


GNIS ID #2391190   (Name of Record: Village of Walden)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: Orange

Map Name: Walden

Lat: 41.5602699       Lon: -74.187878  

Elev: 116 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 36/77849   (Place Name: Walden)

County: Orange     (FIPS State/County: 36/071)

Class: C1

Identifies an incorporated place (ie- Walden) that does not serve as a primary county division - or in other words, it is included in and is part of a primary county division (ie- Orange County).

GSA Code: 6340

MRF Code: 3770

MSA Code: 5660

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Walden. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for Orange County: www.co.orange.ny.us/

The official website for State of New York: https://www.ny.gov/


The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 139 degrees and a distance of 152.7 feet.
<2>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2000 Census location is 34 degrees and a distance of 580 feet.









 

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This page was last modified/updated: 16 Jul 2024