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Miscellaneous Information


Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, chose a name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent code has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Van Etten: 2391183

GNIS ID for Chemung County: 974106

GNIS ID for New York: 1779796

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies worked together to create a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Van Etten:

Place (Community) Code:  76881
State Code:  36 (New York)
County Code:  015 (Chemung County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  36/76881
State/County Code:  36/015

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code
translates to    
GNIS Code
State of New York:    36   1779796
Chemung County:    36/015   974106
Van Etten:    36/76881   2391183

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Van Etten, it is a point within Van Etten that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Van Etten, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   42° 11' 50"   (or 42.2°)

Lon:   -76° 33' 15"   (or -76.55°)  

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Van Etten - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For Van Etten, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   42° 11' 52"   (or 42.2°)

Lon:   -76° 33' 16"   (or -76.55°)  

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 218.4 feet to the northwest<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   42° 11' 53"   (or 42.2°)

Lon:   -76° 33' 15"   (or -76.55°)  

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 105.3 feet to the northeast<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Van Etten is located in Region #1 (the Northeast Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Van Etten is located in Division #2 (the Middle Atlantic Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Van Etten is located in Region II (Region 2).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. Van Etten is located in Region II (Region 2).

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #968412   (Name of Record: Van Etten)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Chemung

Map Name: Van Etten

Lat: 42.1986854       Lon: -76.5524441  

Elev: 310 ft.


GNIS ID #2391183   (Name of Record: Village of Van Etten)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: Chemung

Map Name: Van Etten

Lat: 42.1975001       Lon: -76.554197  

Elev: 308 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 36/76881   (Place Name: Van Etten)

County: Chemung     (FIPS State/County: 36/015)

Class: C1

Identifies an incorporated place (ie- Van Etten) that does not serve as a primary county division - or in other words, it is included in and is part of a primary county division (ie- Chemung County).

GSA Code: 6260

MRF Code: 3720

MSA Code: 2335

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Van Etten. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for Chemung County: www.chemungcounty.com/

The official website for State of New York: https://www.ny.gov/


The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 22 degrees and a distance of 218.4 feet.
<2>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2000 Census location is 333 degrees and a distance of 105.3 feet.









 

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This page was last modified/updated: 16 Jul 2024