A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada

Rome, New York
(Oneida County)

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Census Data for Rome ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2019 and it gave Rome a population of 32,135 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Rome a population of 33,725 people.

The city of Rome is located in Oneida County. The 2010 Census gave Oneida County; a population of 234,878 people. This means that Rome had 14.36% of the county's total population, making it Oneida's 2nd most populous community.

At the same time, New York had a population of 19,378,102 people, meaning that Rome had 0.17% of the total population of New York - making it the state's 59th most populous community.

Area ...

The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Rome has a total area of 75.6 square miles [195.8 km²]. Of this total, 74.8 square miles [193.7 km²] is land, with the balance (1.07%) being water (0.81 square miles [2.1 km²]).

Oneida County has a land area of 1,212 square miles [3,140.2 km²]. At 74.8 square miles [193.7 km²], Rome has 6.17% of the county's total land area.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like Rome, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.
    • Things like population, area and housing for Rome reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Rome might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
    • Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
    • Lat:   43° 13' 38"   (or 43.23°)
    • Lon:   -75° 29' 30"   (or -75.49°)
    • More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Rome had 14,893 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 33,725 people, this averages 2.26 people per Housing Unit.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • The 2010 Census shows Rome had a land area of 74.8 square miles [193.7 km²]. This translates to 197 Housing Units per square mile [76.1 housing units/km²].
    • From the Census of 2000: Rome had 16,272 Housing Units, a population of 34,950 people and a land area of 74.9 square miles [194.1 km²]. This gives a density of 2.15 people per Housing Unit and 215 Housing Units per square mile [83 housing units/km²].
    • Note: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2010 Census and the 2000 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Rome and you need to be careful when comparing values between the censuses. More information about these differences can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Oneida County ...

The community of Rome is located in Oneida County<4>.

The county had a population of 234,878 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 33,725 people, Rome represented 14.36% of the county's total.

In addition, where the city of Rome has a population density of 446.1 people per square mile [172.2 people/km²], Oneida County averages 193.7 people per square mile [74.8 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for Oneida County.

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Rome, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Rome. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • Although we don't have specific information about the shape of the polygon for Rome or how it changed has over time, there is some information that can give us some hints. For example, since the shape of the sampling area is directly related to the shape of the polygon, any change to area probably indicates a new shape for the polygon.
    • If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Rome, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Rome.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
    • Lat:   43.227233°   (or 43°13'38" N)
    • Lon:   -75.491712°   (or -75°29'30" W)
    • For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
    • Lat:   43.219469°   (or 43°13'10" N)
    • Lon:   -75.463330°   (or -75°27'47" W)
    • The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 8,054 feet to the west<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
    • The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#979430) to Rome. This identifier also marks a GPS point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Rome. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
    • Lat:   43.225625°   (or 43°13'32" N)
    • Lon:   -75.488787°   (or -75°29'19" W)
    • The GPS location given for the 2010 Census lies 973 feet to the northwest<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Rome. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Rome.

Miscellaneous Information for Rome ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Oneida County or the city of Rome:

  • The GNIS Codes ...
    • The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Rome:
    • GNIS ID for Rome: 979430
    • GNIS ID for Oneida County: 974131
    • GNIS ID for State of New York: 1779796
  • The FIPS Codes ...
    • An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):
    • State Code: 36 (New York)
    • County Code: 065 (Oneida County)
    • Place Code: 63418 (Rome)
    • State & County Code: 36/065 (New York / Oneida County)
    • State & Place Code: 36/63418 (New York / Rome)
  • Misc. Census Codes ...
    • Rome is located in Census Region #1 (the Northeast Region) and Division #2 (the Middle Atlantic Division).

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Rome.

Other Roadside Stops ...

Visit our Community Index for New York

About Oneida County

About New York

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website for Rome:

The official website for Oneida County:

The official website for State of New York:

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2019.
<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.
<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).
<4>If you're interested in how the shape of New York's counties, including Oneida, have changed over time, we recommend the Atlas of Historical County Boundaries.
<5>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 69 degrees and a distance of 8,054 feet.
<6>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 52 degrees and a distance of 973 feet.






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This page was last modified: 25 Jul 2022