A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
Census Data for Palmer ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2017 and it gave Palmer a population of 477 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Palmer a population of 472 people.
The village of Palmer is located in Merrick County. The 2010 Census gave Merrick County a population of 7,845 people. This means that Palmer had 6.02% of the county's total population, making it Merrick's 2nd most populous community.
When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a village like Palmer, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually shaped as a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the village.
Things like the population, area and housing for Palmer reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Palmer might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Palmer has a total area of 0.53 square miles [1.4 km²].
Merrick County has a land area of 484.9 square miles [1,255.8 km²]. At 0.53 square miles [1.4 km²], Palmer has 0.11% of the county's total land area.
Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
Lat: 41° 13' 20" (or 41.22°) [Map]
More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Population Density ...
Using the population (472 people) and land area (0.53 square miles [1.4 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Palmer had a population density of 885 people per square mile [341.9 people/km²].
In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Palmer had a population of 472 people and a land area of 0.53 square miles [1.4 km²]. This gives a population density of 891 people per square mile [344.3 people/km²]
NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Palmer. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to a questionable comparison. More information about the nature of these differences can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, Palmer had 192 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 472 people, this averages 2.46 people per Housing Unit.
The 2010 Census shows Palmer had a land area of 0.53 square miles [1.4 km²]. This translates to 360.2 Housing Units per square mile [139.1 housing units/km²].
From the Census of 2000: Palmer had 202 Housing Units, a population of 472 people and a land area of 0.53 square miles [1.4 km²]. This gives a density of 2.34 people per Housing Unit and 381.7 Housing Units per square mile [147.4 housing units/km²].
NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Palmer and you need to be careful when comparing results between the censuses. More information about the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Merrick County ...
The community of Palmer is located in Merrick County.
The county had a population of 7,845 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 472 people, Palmer represented 6.02% of the county's total.
In addition, where the village of Palmer has a population density of 885 people per square mile [341.9 people/km²], Merrick County averages 16.18 people per square mile [6.25 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for Merrick County.
Population Rings for Palmer ...
To help identify the number of people who live in Palmer and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Palmer. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Palmer, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Palmer. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 0.71% larger than the 2000 Census.
The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Palmer was 0.53 square miles [1.4 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.
The 2000 Census shows a total area of 0.53 square miles [1.4 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Palmer, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Palmer.
For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
Lat: 41.222410° (or 41°13'20" N) [Map]
For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
Lat: 41.221629° (or 41°13'17" N) [Map]
The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 638 feet to the northwest<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2399613) to Palmer. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Palmer. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
Lat: 41.222410° (or 41°13'20" N) [Map]
The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 0.78 feet to the south<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Palmer. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Palmer.
Miscellaneous Information for Palmer ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Merrick County or the village of Palmer:
The GNIS Codes ...
The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Palmer:
GNIS ID for Palmer: 2399613
The FIPS Codes ...
An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):
State Code: 31 (Nebraska)
County Code: 121 (Merrick County)
Place Code: 38160 (Palmer)
Misc. Census Codes ...
Palmer is located in Census Region #2 (the Midwest Region) and Division #4 (the West North-Central Division).
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Palmer.
Other Roadside Stops ...
Off-the-Road Links ...
The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau
Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Palmer. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.
The official website for State of Nebraska: www.nebraska.gov/
The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
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This page was last modified: 11 Mar 2019