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Oxford, Nebraska

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The location of Oxford

Census Data for Oxford ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2017 and it gave Oxford a population of 754 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Oxford a population of 779 people.

The village of Oxford is located in Furnas County. The 2010 Census gave Furnas County a population of 4,959 people. This means that Oxford had 15.71% of the county's total population, making it Furnas' 3rd most populous community.

At the same time, Nebraska had a population of 1,826,341 people, meaning that Oxford had 0.04% of the total population of Nebraska - making it the state's 146th most populous community.

Area ...

When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a village like Oxford, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually shaped as a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the village.

Things like the population, area and housing for Oxford reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Oxford might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.

The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Oxford has a total area of 0.95 square miles [2.5 km²].

Furnas County has a land area of 719 square miles [1,862.5 km²]. At 0.95 square miles [2.5 km²], Oxford has 0.13% of the county's total land area.

Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:

Lat:   40° 15' 11"   (or 40.25°)             [Map]

Lon:   -99° 37' 57"   (or -99.63°)

More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Population Density ...

Using the population (779 people) and land area (0.95 square miles [2.5 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Oxford had a population density of 819 people per square mile [316.3 people/km²].

In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Oxford had a population of 876 people and a land area of 0.91 square miles [2.4 km²]. This gives a population density of 965 people per square mile [372.6 people/km²]

NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Oxford. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to an incorrect comparison. More information about the nature of these changes can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Oxford had 439 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 779 people, this averages 1.77 people per Housing Unit.

The 2010 Census shows Oxford had a land area of 0.95 square miles [2.5 km²]. This translates to 461.6 Housing Units per square mile [178.2 housing units/km²].

From the Census of 2000: Oxford had 462 Housing Units, a population of 876 people and a land area of 0.91 square miles [2.4 km²]. This gives a density of 1.9 people per Housing Unit and 508 Housing Units per square mile [196.5 housing units/km²].

NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Oxford and you need to be careful when comparing between the censuses. More information about these differences can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Furnas County ...

The community of Oxford is primarily located in Furnas County. A portion of Oxford extends into Harlan County.

The county had a population of 4,959 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 779 people, Oxford represented 15.71% of the county's total.

In addition, where the village of Oxford has a population density of 819 people per square mile [316.3 people/km²], Furnas County averages 6.9 people per square mile [2.66 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for Furnas County.

Population Rings for Oxford ...

To help identify the number of people who live in Oxford and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Oxford. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>

  Radius   No of
  Since 2010    
5 mi   [8 km]1754-3.21%
10 mi   [16 km]31,063-2.92%
15 mi   [24 km]73,146-3.11%
20 mi   [32 km]1511,144-1.55%
25 mi   [40 km]2112,398-1.74%
30 mi   [48 km]2715,192-1.65%

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Oxford, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Oxford. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Area ...

The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 4.77% larger than the 2000 Census.

The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Oxford was 0.95 square miles [2.5 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.

The 2000 Census shows a total area of 0.91 square miles [2.4 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Oxford, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Oxford.

For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:

Lat:   40.253083°   (or 40°15'11" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -99.632660°   (or -99°37'57" W)

For the 2000 Census, the location given was:

Lat:   40.252091°   (or 40°15'7" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -99.632913°   (or -99°37'58" W)

The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 368.5 feet to the north<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2399606) to Oxford. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Oxford. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:

Lat:   40.252935°   (or 40°15'10" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -99.632751°   (or -99°37'57" W)

The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 59.6 feet to the northeast<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Oxford. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Oxford.

Miscellaneous Information for Oxford ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Furnas County or the village of Oxford:

The GNIS Codes ...

The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Oxford:

GNIS ID for Oxford: 2399606

GNIS ID for Furnas County: 835854

GNIS ID for Nebraska: 1779792

The FIPS Codes ...

An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):

State Code: 31 (Nebraska)

County Code: 065 (Furnas County)

Place Code: 37910 (Oxford)

State & County Code: 31/065 (Nebraska / Furnas County)

State & Place Code: 31/37910 (Nebraska / Oxford)

Misc. Census Codes ...

Oxford is located in Census Region #2 (the Midwest Region) and Division #4 (the West North-Central Division).

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Oxford.

Other Roadside Stops ...

Visit our Community Index for Nebraska

About Furnas County

About Nebraska

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Oxford. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for State of Nebraska:

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2017.

- Return to Citation

<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.

- Return to Citation

<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).

- Return to Citation

<4>The communities in our count are those provided by the 2010 Census, so keep in mind that our population rings will only include the people living in those communities. Smaller communities usually don't participate directly in the Census and therefore they won't be included. While our count is a close approximation, it shouldn't be considered as a complete or accurate count.

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<5>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 348 degrees and a distance of 368.5 feet.

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<6>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 334 degrees and a distance of 59.6 feet.

- Return to Citation






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This page was last modified: 15 Apr 2019