A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
Census Data for Orleans ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2017 and it gave Orleans a population of 383 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Orleans a population of 386 people.
The village of Orleans is located in Harlan County. The 2010 Census gave Harlan County a population of 3,423 people. This means that Orleans had 11.28% of the county's total population, making it Harlan's 2nd most populous community.
When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a village like Orleans, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually shaped as a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the village.
Things like the population, area and housing for Orleans reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Orleans might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Orleans has a total area of 0.6 square miles [1.6 km²].
Harlan County has a land area of 553 square miles [1,433.5 km²]. At 0.6 square miles [1.6 km²], Orleans has 0.11% of the county's total land area.
Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
Lat: 40° 7' 54" (or 40.13°) [Map]
More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Population Density ...
Using the population (386 people) and land area (0.6 square miles [1.6 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Orleans had a population density of 643 people per square mile [248.4 people/km²].
In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Orleans had a population of 425 people and a land area of 0.61 square miles [1.6 km²]. This gives a population density of 701 people per square mile [271 people/km²]
NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Orleans. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to an incorrect comparison. More information about these differences can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, Orleans had 258 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 386 people, this averages 1.5 people per Housing Unit.
The 2010 Census shows Orleans had a land area of 0.6 square miles [1.6 km²]. This translates to 430 Housing Units per square mile [166 housing units/km²].
From the Census of 2000: Orleans had 240 Housing Units, a population of 425 people and a land area of 0.61 square miles [1.6 km²]. This gives a density of 1.77 people per Housing Unit and 396.4 Housing Units per square mile [153 housing units/km²].
NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Orleans and you need to be careful when comparing between the censuses. More information about these differences can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Harlan County ...
The community of Orleans is located in Harlan County.
The county had a population of 3,423 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 386 people, Orleans represented 11.28% of the county's total.
In addition, where the village of Orleans has a population density of 643 people per square mile [248.4 people/km²], Harlan County averages 6.18 people per square mile [2.39 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for Harlan County.
Population Rings for Orleans ...
To help identify the number of people who live in Orleans and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Orleans. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Orleans, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Orleans. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 0.91% smaller than the 2000 Census.
The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Orleans was 0.6 square miles [1.6 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.
The 2000 Census shows a total area of 0.61 square miles [1.6 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Orleans, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Orleans.
For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
Lat: 40.131721° (or 40°7'54" N) [Map]
For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
Lat: 40.131620° (or 40°7'53" N) [Map]
The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 122.5 feet to the east<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2399587) to Orleans. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Orleans. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
Lat: 40.131721° (or 40°7'54" N) [Map]
The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 0.78 feet to the south<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Orleans. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Orleans.
Miscellaneous Information for Orleans ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Harlan County or the village of Orleans:
The GNIS Codes ...
The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Orleans:
GNIS ID for Orleans: 2399587
The FIPS Codes ...
An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):
State Code: 31 (Nebraska)
County Code: 083 (Harlan County)
Place Code: 37420 (Orleans)
Misc. Census Codes ...
Orleans is located in Census Region #2 (the Midwest Region) and Division #4 (the West North-Central Division).
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Orleans.
Other Roadside Stops ...
Off-the-Road Links ...
The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau
Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Orleans. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.
The official website for State of Nebraska: www.nebraska.gov/
The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
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This page was last modified: 15 Apr 2019