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Miscellaneous Information


Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, chose a name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent identifier has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Edina: 2394621

GNIS ID for Hennepin County: 659472

GNIS ID for Minnesota: 662849

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies created a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Edina:

Place (Community) Code:  18188
State Code:  27 (Minnesota)
County Code:  053 (Hennepin County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  27/18188
State/County Code:  27/053

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code
translates to    
GNIS Code
State of Minnesota:    27   662849
Hennepin County:    27/053   659472
Edina:    27/18188   2394621

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Edina, it is a point within Edina that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Edina, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   44° 53' 28"   (or 44.89°)

Lon:   -93° 21' 36"   (or -93.36°)  

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Edina - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For Edina, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   44° 53' 28"   (or 44.89°)

Lon:   -93° 21' 35"   (or -93.36°)  

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 143.4 feet to the southeast<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   44° 53' 44"   (or 44.9°)

Lon:   -93° 21' 16"   (or -93.35°)  

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 2,111 feet to the northeast<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Edina is located in Region #2 (the Midwest Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Edina is located in Division #4 (the West North-Central Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Edina is located in Region V (Region 5).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. Edina is located in Region V (Region 5).

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #643177   (Name of Record: Edina)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Hennepin

Map Name: Minneapolis South

Lat: 44.8896866       Lon: -93.3499489  

Elev: 281 ft.


GNIS ID #2394621   (Name of Record: City of Edina)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: Hennepin

Map Name: Minneapolis South

Lat: 44.8913423       Lon: -93.360213  

Elev: 290 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 27/18188   (Place Name: Edina)

County: Hennepin     (FIPS State/County: 27/053)

Class: C5

GSA Code: 2030

MRF Code: 1105

MSA Code: 5120

The official website for Edina: www.ci.edina.mn.us/

The official website for Hennepin County: www.hennepin.us/

The official website for State of Minnesota: https://mn.gov/


The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 236 degrees and a distance of 143.4 feet.
<2>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2000 Census location is 321 degrees and a distance of 2,111 feet.









 

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This page was last modified/updated: 20 Jul 2024