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Miscellaneous Information


Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, establish a name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent numeric identifier has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Middle River: 590793

GNIS ID for Baltimore County: 1695314

GNIS ID for Maryland: 1714934

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies worked together to create a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Middle River:

Place (Community) Code:  52300
State Code:  24 (Maryland)
County Code:  005 (Baltimore County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  24/52300
State/County Code:  24/005

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code
translates to    
GNIS Code
State of Maryland:    24   1714934
Baltimore County:    24/005   1695314
Middle River:    24/52300   590793

GPS Location - GNIS Coordinates ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Middle River, it is a point within Middle River that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Middle River, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   39° 20' 3"   (or 39.33°)

Lon:   -76° 26' 21"   (or -76.44°)  

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Middle River is located in Region #3 (the South Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Middle River is located in Division #5 (the South Atlantic Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Middle River is located in Region III (Region 3).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. Middle River is located in Region III (Region 3).

ZIP Codes ...

While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a community like Middle River, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) Middle River. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code are defined by the needs of the USPS and can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.

The ZIP code for Middle River: 21220<1>

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #590793   (Name of Record: Middle River)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Baltimore

Map Name: Middle River

Lat: 39.3342744       Lon: -76.4394056  

Elev: 8 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 24/52300   (Place Name: Middle River)

County: Baltimore     (FIPS State/County: 24/005)

Class: U1

GSA Code: 1005

MRF Code: 615

MSA Code: 720

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Middle River. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for Baltimore County: www.co.ba.md.us/

The official website for State of Maryland: www.maryland.gov/


The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Footnotes ...

<1>When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Middle River or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).









 

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This page was last modified/updated: 07 Apr 2024