A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada

Union Springs, Alabama

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The location of Union Springs

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(GPS coordinates provided by the GNIS)
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Union Springs
and the surrounding area.

Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, establish a name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent number has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Union Springs: 2405629

GNIS ID for Bullock County: 161531

GNIS ID for Alabama: 1779775

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies created a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Union Springs:

Place (Community) Code:  77880
State Code:  01 (Alabama)
County Code:  011 (Bullock County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  01/77880
State/County Code:  01/011

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code   translates to   GNIS Code
State of Alabama:    01   1779775
Bullock County:    01/011   161531
Union Springs:    01/77880   2405629

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Union Springs, it is a point within Union Springs that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Union Springs, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   32° 8' 22"   (or 32.14°)

Lon:   -85° 42' 51"   (or -85.71°)   [Map]

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Union Springs - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For Union Springs, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   32° 8' 23"   (or 32.14°)

Lon:   -85° 42' 52"   (or -85.71°)   [Map]

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 174.7 feet to the northwest<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   32° 8' 24"   (or 32.14°)

Lon:   -85° 42' 46"   (or -85.71°)   [Map]

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 567 feet to the east<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Union Springs is located in Region #3 (the South Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Union Springs is located in Division #6 (the East South-Central Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Union Springs is located in Region IV (Region 4).

ZIP Codes ...

While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a city like Union Springs, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) Union Springs. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code are defined by the needs of the USPS and can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.

The ZIP code for Union Springs: 36089<3>

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #128349   (Name of Record: Union Springs)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Bullock

Map Name: Union Springs

Lat: 32.144316       Lon: -85.7149495   [Map]

Elev: 159 ft.

GNIS ID #2405629   (Name of Record: City of Union Springs)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: Bullock

Map Name: Union Springs

Lat: 32.1395089       Lon: -85.714285   [Map]

Elev: 149 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 01/77880   (Place Name: Union Springs)

County: Bullock     (FIPS State/County: 01/011)

Class: C1

Identifies an incorporated place (ie- Union Springs) that does not serve as a primary county division - or in other words, it is included in and is part of a primary county division (ie- Bullock County).

GSA Code: 3090

MRF Code: 1735

Other Roadside Stops ...

Search for a Community located in Alabama

About Bullock County

About Alabama

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Union Springs. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for State of Alabama:

Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or the angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 36 degrees.

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<2>The calculated bearing (or the angle) to the 2000 Census location is 278 degrees.

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<3>When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Union Springs or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).

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For additional information, please visit our Glossary for Union Springs.