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Saraland, Alabama

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Census Data for Saraland ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2019 and it gave Saraland a population of 14,649 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Saraland a population of 13,405 people.

The city of Saraland is located in Mobile County. The 2010 Census gave Mobile County; a population of 412,992 people. This means that Saraland had 3.25% of the county's total population, making it Mobile's 3rd most populous community.

At the same time, Alabama had a population of 4,779,736 people, meaning that Saraland had 0.28% of the total population of Alabama - making it the state's 48th most populous community.

Area ...

The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Saraland has a total area of 23.35 square miles [60.5 km²]. Of this total, a small amount of the area is covered by water (0.17 square miles [0.4 km²]).

Mobile County has a land area of 1,229 square miles [3,184.2 km²]. At 23.18 square miles [60 km²], Saraland has 1.89% of the county's total land area.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like Saraland, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.
    • Things like population, area and housing for Saraland reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Saraland might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
    • Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
    • Lat:   30° 49' 53"   (or 30.83°)
    • Lon:   -88° 5' 38"   (or -88.09°)
    • More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Saraland had 5,828 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 13,405 people, this averages 2.3 people per Housing Unit.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • The 2010 Census shows Saraland had a land area of 23.18 square miles [60 km²]. This translates to 249.6 Housing Units per square mile [96.4 housing units/km²].
    • From the Census of 2000: Saraland had 5,138 Housing Units, a population of 12,288 people and a land area of 21.91 square miles [56.7 km²]. This gives a density of 2.39 people per Housing Unit and 233.4 Housing Units per square mile [90.1 housing units/km²].
    • Note: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2010 and the 2000 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Saraland and you need to be careful when comparing values between the censuses. More information about the nature of these the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Mobile County ...

The community of Saraland is located in Mobile County<4>.

The county had a population of 412,992 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 13,405 people, Saraland represented 3.25% of the county's total.

In addition, where the city of Saraland has a population density of 574 people per square mile [221.7 people/km²], Mobile County averages 335.9 people per square mile [129.7 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for Mobile County.

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Saraland, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Saraland. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • Although we don't have specific information about the shape of the polygon for Saraland or how it changed has over time, there is some information that can give us some hints. For example, since the shape of the sampling area is directly related to the shape of the polygon, any change to area probably indicates a new shape for the polygon.
    • If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Saraland, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Saraland.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
    • Lat:   30.831585°   (or 30°49'53" N)
    • Lon:   -88.094117°   (or -88°5'38" W)
    • For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
    • Lat:   30.825186°   (or 30°49'30" N)
    • Lon:   -88.091932°   (or -88°5'30" W)
    • The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 2,431 feet to the north<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
    • The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2405422) to Saraland. This identifier also marks a GPS point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Saraland. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
    • Lat:   30.831084°   (or 30°49'51" N)
    • Lon:   -88.098057°   (or -88°5'53" W)
    • The GPS location given for the 2010 Census lies 1,246 feet to the east<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Saraland. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Saraland.

Miscellaneous Information for Saraland ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Mobile County or the city of Saraland:

  • The GNIS Codes ...
    • The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Saraland:
    • GNIS ID for Saraland: 2405422
    • GNIS ID for Mobile County: 161575
    • GNIS ID for State of Alabama: 1779775
  • The FIPS Codes ...
    • An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):
    • State Code: 01 (Alabama)
    • County Code: 097 (Mobile County)
    • Place Code: 68160 (Saraland)
    • State & County Code: 01/097 (Alabama / Mobile County)
    • State & Place Code: 01/68160 (Alabama / Saraland)
  • Misc. Census Codes ...
    • Saraland is located in Census Region #3 (the South Region) and Division #6 (the East South-Central Division).
  • The US Postal Service ZIP Code ...
    • While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a city like Saraland, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) Saraland. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.
    • The ZIP code for Saraland:36571<7>
  • Census ZCTA Codes ...
    • The US Census Bureau created statistical entities that they call ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) and these ZCTAs are frequently confused with the ZIP codes that come from the US Postal Service (USPS).
    • ZCTAs were first created for the 2000 Census and at that time, they were based upon the USPS ZIP codes. While largely covering the same areas, the boundaries of a ZCTA do not necessarily match the boundaries of a postal ZIP code with the same number. For example, while a postal ZIP code can cross a county or state line, a Census ZCTA can not. They should be treated as separate entities with no correlation between them.

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Saraland.

Other Roadside Stops ...

Communities in Alabama

About Mobile County

About Alabama

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website for Saraland:

The official website for Mobile County:

The official website for State of Alabama:

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2019.
<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.
<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).
<4>If you're interested in how the shape of Alabama's counties, including Mobile, have changed over time, we recommend the Atlas of Historical County Boundaries.
<5>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 16 degrees and a distance of 2,431 feet.
<6>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 278 degrees and a distance of 1,246 feet.
<7>When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Saraland or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).






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This page was last modified: 17 Oct 2020