A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada

Sanford, Alabama

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Census Data for Sanford ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2016 and it gives Sanford a population of 245 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, giving Sanford a population of 241 people.

The town of Sanford is located in Covington County. The 2010 Census gave Covington County a population of 37,765 people. This means that Sanford had 0.64% of the county's total population, making it Covington's 10th most populous community.

At the same time, Alabama had a population of 4,779,736 people.

Area ...

When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a town like Sanford, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this is called a sampling area (or a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the town.

Things like the population, area and housing for Sanford reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Sanford might be slightly different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau if you need precision.

The 2010 Census shows that the sample polygon for Sanford has a total area of 4.22 square miles [10.9 km²]. Of this total, 4.18 square miles [10.8 km²] is land, with the balance (1%) being water (0.04 square miles [0.1 km²]).

Covington County has a land area of 1,030 square miles [2,668.9 km²]. At 4.18 square miles [10.8 km²], Sanford has 0.41% of the county's total land area.

Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually at the center of the polygon). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:

Lat:   31° 17' 55"   (or 31.3°)             [Map]

Lon:   -86° 23' 55"   (or -86.4°)

More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Population Density ...

Using the population (241 people) and land area (4.18 square miles [10.8 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Sanford had a population density of 57.1 people per square mile [22.06 people/km²].

In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Sanford had a population of 269 people and a land area of 4 square miles [10.4 km²]. This gives a population density of 67.2 people per square mile [25.94 people/km²]

NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Sanford. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to a questionable comparison. More information about the changes can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Sanford had 122 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 241 people, this averages 1.98 people per Housing Unit.

The 2010 Census shows Sanford had a land area of 4.18 square miles [10.8 km²]. This translates to 28.92 Housing Units per square mile [11.16 housing units/km²].

From the Census of 2000: Sanford had 135 Housing Units, a population of 269 people and a land area of 4 square miles [10.4 km²]. This gives a density of 1.99 people per Housing Unit and 33.72 Housing Units per square mile [13.02 housing units/km²].

NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Sanford and you need to be careful when comparing results between the censuses. More information about the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Covington County ...

The community of Sanford is located in Covington County.

The county had a population of 37,765 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 241 people, Sanford represented 0.64% of the county's total.

In addition, where the town of Sanford has a population density of 57.1 people per square mile [22.06 people/km²], Covington County averages 36.65 people per square mile [14.15 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for Covington County.

Population Rings for Sanford ...

To help identify the number of people who live in Sanford and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Sanford. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>

  Radius   No of
  Since 2010    
5 mi   [8 km]510,182-0.47%
10 mi   [16 km]1118,218-0.7%
15 mi   [24 km]1419,573-0.65%
20 mi   [32 km]1725,932-0.79%
25 mi   [40 km]2230,515-0.27%
30 mi   [48 km]2735,370-0.16%

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Sanford, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Sanford. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Area ...

The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 5.38% larger than the 2000 Census.

The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Sanford was 4.22 square miles [10.9 km²]. Of this total, 4.18 square miles [10.8 km²] is land, with the balance (1%) being water (0.04 square miles [0.1 km²]).

The 2000 Census shows a total area of 4 square miles [10.4 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Sanford, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Sanford.

For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:

Lat:   31.298820°   (or 31°17'55" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -86.398859°   (or -86°23'55" W)

For the 2000 Census, the location given was:

Lat:   31.300683°   (or 31°18'2" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -86.391734°   (or -86°23'30" W)

The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 2,321 feet to the west<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2407286) to Sanford. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Sanford. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:

Lat:   31.300500°   (or 31°18'1" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -86.396553°   (or -86°23'47" W)

The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 944 feet to the southwest<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Sanford. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Sanford.

Miscellaneous Information for Sanford ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has referenced one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Covington County or the town of Sanford:

The GNIS Codes ...

The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Sanford:

GNIS ID for Sanford: 2407286

GNIS ID for Covington County: 161545

GNIS ID for Alabama: 1779775

The FIPS Codes ...

An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):

State Code: 01 (Alabama)

County Code: 039 (Covington County)

Place Code: 68016 (Sanford)

State & County Code: 01/039 (Alabama / Covington County)

State & Place Code: 01/68016 (Alabama / Sanford)

Misc. Census Codes ...

Sanford is located in Census Region #3 (the South Region) and Division #6 (the East South-Central Division).

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Sanford.

Other Roadside Stops ...

Find a Community within Alabama

About Covington County

About Alabama

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Sanford. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for State of Alabama: www.alabama.gov/

Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2016.

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<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.

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<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).

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<4>The communities in our count are those provided by the 2010 Census, so keep in mind that our population rings will only include the people living in those communities. Smaller communities usually don't participate directly in the Census and therefore they won't be included. While our count is a close approximation, it shouldn't be considered as a complete or accurate count.

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<5>The calculated bearing (or the angle) to the 2010 Census location is 107 degrees.

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<6>The calculated bearing (or the angle) to the GNIS point is 130 degrees.

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For additional information, please visit our Glossary for Sanford.