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Geneva, Alabama
(Geneva County)

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Census Data for Geneva ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2017 and it gives Geneva a population of 4,365 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, giving Geneva a population of 4,452 people.

The city of Geneva is located in Geneva County. The 2010 Census gave Geneva County a population of 26,790 people. This means that Geneva had 16.62% of the county's total population, making it Geneva's most populous community.

At the same time, Alabama had a population of 4,779,736 people, meaning that Geneva had 0.09% of the total population of Alabama - making it the state's 113rd most populous community.

Area ...

When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like Geneva, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this is called a sampling area (or a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.

Things like the population, area and housing for Geneva reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Geneva might be slightly different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau if you need precision.

The 2010 Census shows that the sample polygon for Geneva has a total area of 16.06 square miles [41.6 km²]. Of this total, 15.87 square miles [41.1 km²] is land, with the balance (1.17%) being water (0.19 square miles [0.5 km²]).

Geneva County has a land area of 574 square miles [1,487.7 km²]. At 15.87 square miles [41.1 km²], Geneva has 2.76% of the county's total land area.

Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually at the center of the polygon). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:

Lat:   31° 2' 41"   (or 31.04°)             [Map]

Lon:   -85° 52' 36"   (or -85.88°)

More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Population Density ...

Using the population (4,452 people) and land area (15.87 square miles [41.1 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Geneva had a population density of 277.2 people per square mile [107 people/km²].

In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Geneva had a population of 4,388 people and a land area of 14.87 square miles [38.5 km²]. This gives a population density of 291.6 people per square mile [112.6 people/km²]

NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Geneva. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to a questionable comparison. More information about these differences can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Geneva had 2,090 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 4,452 people, this averages 2.13 people per Housing Unit.

The 2010 Census shows Geneva had a land area of 15.87 square miles [41.1 km²]. This translates to 130.1 Housing Units per square mile [50.2 housing units/km²].

From the Census of 2000: Geneva had 2,097 Housing Units, a population of 4,388 people and a land area of 14.87 square miles [38.5 km²]. This gives a density of 2.09 people per Housing Unit and 139.4 Housing Units per square mile [53.8 housing units/km²].

NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Geneva and you need to be careful when comparing between the censuses. More information about the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Geneva County ...

The community of Geneva is located in Geneva County and is the County Seat for Geneva County.

The county had a population of 26,790 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 4,452 people, Geneva represented 16.62% of the county's total.

In addition, where the city of Geneva has a population density of 277.2 people per square mile [107 people/km²], Geneva County averages 46.64 people per square mile [18.01 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for Geneva County.

Population Rings for Geneva ...

To help identify the number of people who live in Geneva and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Geneva. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>

  Radius   No of
  Since 2010    
5 mi   [8 km]14,365-1.95%
10 mi   [16 km]34,799-1.8%
15 mi   [24 km]79,836-1.9%
20 mi   [32 km]1448,299+2.25%
25 mi   [40 km]2260,133+1.82%
30 mi   [48 km]40159,497+3.09%

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Geneva, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Geneva. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Area ...

The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 6.72% larger than the 2000 Census.

The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Geneva was 16.06 square miles [41.6 km²]. Of this total, 15.87 square miles [41.1 km²] is land, with the balance (1.17%) being water (0.19 square miles [0.5 km²]).

The 2000 Census shows a total area of 15.05 square miles [39 km²]. Of this total, 14.87 square miles [38.5 km²] is land, with the balance (1.1%) being water (0.18 square miles [0.5 km²]).

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Geneva, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Geneva.

For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:

Lat:   31.044886°   (or 31°2'41" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -85.876818°   (or -85°52'36" W)

For the 2000 Census, the location given was:

Lat:   31.038181°   (or 31°2'17" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -85.876677°   (or -85°52'36" W)

The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 2,444 feet to the north<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2403687) to Geneva. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Geneva. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:

Lat:   31.043695°   (or 31°2'37" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -85.876357°   (or -85°52'34" W)

The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 457.5 feet to the north<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Geneva. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Geneva.

Miscellaneous Information for Geneva ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has referenced one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Geneva County or the city of Geneva:

The GNIS Codes ...

The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Geneva:

GNIS ID for Geneva: 2403687

GNIS ID for Geneva County: 161556

GNIS ID for Alabama: 1779775

The FIPS Codes ...

An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):

State Code: 01 (Alabama)

County Code: 061 (Geneva County)

Place Code: 29464 (Geneva)

State & County Code: 01/061 (Alabama / Geneva County)

State & Place Code: 01/29464 (Alabama / Geneva)

Misc. Census Codes ...

Geneva is located in Census Region #3 (the South Region) and Division #6 (the East South-Central Division).

The US Postal Service ZIP Code ...

While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a city like Geneva, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) Geneva. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.

The ZIP code for Geneva: 36340<7>

Census ZCTA Codes ...

The US Census Bureau created statistical entities that they call ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) and these ZCTAs are frequently confused with the ZIP codes that come from the US Postal Service (USPS).

ZCTAs were first created for the 2000 Census and at that time, they were based upon the USPS ZIP codes. While largely covering the same areas, the boundaries of a ZCTA do not necessarily match the boundaries of a postal ZIP code with the same number. For example, while a postal ZIP code can cross a county or state line, a Census ZCTA can not. They should be treated as separate entities with no correlation between them.

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Geneva.

Other Roadside Stops ...

Find a Community in Alabama

About Geneva County

About Alabama

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Geneva. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for State of Alabama:

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2017.

- Return to Citation

<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.

- Return to Citation

<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).

- Return to Citation

<4>The communities in our count are those provided by the 2010 Census, so keep in mind that our population rings will only include the people living in those communities. Smaller communities usually don't participate directly in the Census and therefore they won't be included. While our count is a close approximation, it shouldn't be considered as a complete or accurate count.

- Return to Citation

<5>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 1 degrees and a distance of 2,444 feet.

- Return to Citation

<6>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 18 degrees and a distance of 457.5 feet.

- Return to Citation

<7>When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Geneva or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).

- Return to Citation


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This page was last modified: 21 Oct 2018
By John Hall