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Eufaula, Alabama

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Census Data for Eufaula ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2016 and it gives Eufaula a population of 12,404 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, giving Eufaula a population of 13,137 people.

The city of Eufaula is located in Barbour County. The 2010 Census gave Barbour County a population of 27,457 people. This means that Eufaula had 47.85% of the county's total population, making it Barbour's most populous community.

At the same time, Alabama had a population of 4,779,736 people, meaning that Eufaula had 0.27% of the total population of Alabama - making it the state's 50th most populous community.

Area ...

When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like Eufaula, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this is called a sampling area (or a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.

Things like the population, area and housing for Eufaula reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Eufaula might be slightly different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau if you need precision.

The 2010 Census shows that the sample polygon for Eufaula has a total area of 73.5 square miles [190.3 km²]. Of this total, 59.4 square miles [153.8 km²] is land, with the balance (19.17%) being water (14.09 square miles [36.5 km²]).

Barbour County has a land area of 884 square miles [2,291.8 km²]. At 59.4 square miles [153.8 km²], Eufaula has 6.71% of the county's total land area.

Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually at the center of the polygon). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:

Lat:   31° 54' 36"   (or 31.91°)             [Map]

Lon:   -85° 9' 9"   (or -85.15°)

More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Population Density ...

Using the population (13,137 people) and land area (59.4 square miles [153.8 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Eufaula had a population density of 178.8 people per square mile [69 people/km²].

In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Eufaula had a population of 13,908 people and a land area of 59.4 square miles [153.9 km²]. This gives a population density of 189.3 people per square mile [73.1 people/km²]

NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Eufaula. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to a questionable comparison. More information about the nature of these changes can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Eufaula had 5,829 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 13,137 people, this averages 2.25 people per Housing Unit.

The 2010 Census shows Eufaula had a land area of 59.4 square miles [153.8 km²]. This translates to 79.3 Housing Units per square mile [30.63 housing units/km²].

From the Census of 2000: Eufaula had 6,110 Housing Units, a population of 13,908 people and a land area of 59.4 square miles [153.9 km²]. This gives a density of 2.28 people per Housing Unit and 83.1 Housing Units per square mile [32.1 housing units/km²].

NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Eufaula and you need to be careful when comparing values between the censuses. More information about the nature of these the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Barbour County ...

Eufaula is located in Barbour County.

The county had a population of 27,457 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 13,137 people, Eufaula represented 47.85% of the county's total.

In addition, where the city of Eufaula has a population density of 178.8 people per square mile [69 people/km²], Barbour County averages 31.03 people per square mile [11.98 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for Barbour County.

Population Rings for Eufaula ...

To help identify the number of people who live in Eufaula and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Eufaula. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>

  Radius   No of
  Since 2010    
5 mi   [8 km]112,404-5.58%
10 mi   [16 km]112,404-5.58%
15 mi   [24 km]212,665-5.6%
20 mi   [32 km]315,569-5.21%
25 mi   [40 km]924,926-10.5%
30 mi   [48 km]1328,491-9.18%

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Eufaula, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Eufaula. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Area ...

There is only a very minor difference in the sampling area given between the 2010 Census and the 2000 Census.

The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Eufaula was 73.5 square miles [190.3 km²]. Of this total, 59.4 square miles [153.8 km²] is land, with the balance (19.17%) being water (14.09 square miles [36.5 km²]).

The 2000 Census shows a total area of 73.5 square miles [190.3 km²]. Of this total, 59.4 square miles [153.9 km²] is land, with the balance (19.14%) being water (14.06 square miles [36.4 km²]).

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Eufaula, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Eufaula.

For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:

Lat:   31.910041°   (or 31°54'36" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -85.152556°   (or -85°9'9" W)

For the 2000 Census, the location given was:

Lat:   31.889370°   (or 31°53'21" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -85.153774°   (or -85°9'13" W)

The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 7,545 feet to the north<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2403575) to Eufaula. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Eufaula. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:

Lat:   31.910254°   (or 31°54'36" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -85.150390°   (or -85°9'1" W)

The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 674 feet to the west<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Eufaula. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Eufaula.

Miscellaneous Information for Eufaula ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has referenced one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Barbour County or the city of Eufaula:

The GNIS Codes ...

The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Eufaula:

GNIS ID for Eufaula: 2403575

GNIS ID for Barbour County: 161528

GNIS ID for Alabama: 1779775

The FIPS Codes ...

An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):

State Code: 01 (Alabama)

County Code: 005 (Barbour County)

Place Code: 24568 (Eufaula)

State & County Code: 01/005 (Alabama / Barbour County)

State & Place Code: 01/24568 (Alabama / Eufaula)

Misc. Census Codes ...

Eufaula is located in Census Region #3 (the South Region) and Division #6 (the East South-Central Division).

US Postal Service ZIP Codes ...

While some people have used ZIP codes to identify a community, the ZIP codes were actually created to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although a ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a city like Eufaula, they do identify addresses that are in (or near) the city. It's important to remember that the boundaries of the ZIP Code can be changed, re-assigned, eliminated or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.

Our list of ZIP codes for Eufaula :  & .<7>

Census ZCTA Codes ...

The US Census Bureau created statistical entities that they call ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) and these ZCTAs are frequently confused with the ZIP codes that come from the US Postal Service (USPS).

ZCTAs were first created for the 2000 Census and at that time, they were based upon the USPS ZIP codes. While largely covering the same areas, the boundaries of a ZCTA do not necessarily match the boundaries of a postal ZIP code with the same number. For example, while a postal ZIP code can cross a county or state line, a Census ZCTA can not. They should be treated as separate entities with no correlation between them.

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Eufaula.

Other Roadside Stops ...

Search for a Community in Alabama

About Barbour County

About Alabama

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Eufaula. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for State of Alabama:

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2016.

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<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.

- Return to Citation

<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).

- Return to Citation

<4>The communities in our count are those provided by the 2010 Census, so keep in mind that our population rings will only include the people living in those communities. Smaller communities usually don't participate directly in the Census and therefore they won't be included. While our count is a close approximation, it shouldn't be considered as a complete or accurate count.

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<5>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 357 degrees and a distance of 7,545 feet.

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<6>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 96 degrees and a distance of 674 feet.

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<7>When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Eufaula or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).

- Return to Citation

For additional information, please visit our Glossary for Eufaula.