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Elgin, Alabama
(Lauderdale County)

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The location of Elgin

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Click for Interactive Map
(GPS coordinates provided by the GNIS)
 
Click here for an interactive map for Elgin
and the surrounding area.
 
 

Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, establish a name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent numeric identifier has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Elgin: 157944

GNIS ID for Lauderdale County: 161564

GNIS ID for Alabama: 1779775

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies worked together to create a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Elgin:

Place (Community) Code:  23392
State Code:  01 (Alabama)
County Code:  077 (Lauderdale County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  01/23392
State/County Code:  01/077

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code   translates to   GNIS Code
State of Alabama:    01   1779775
Lauderdale County:    01/077   161564
Elgin:    01/23392   157944

GPS Location - GNIS Coordinates ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Elgin, it is a point within Elgin that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Elgin, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   34° 50' 55"   (or 34.85°)

Lon:   -87° 23' 28"   (or -87.39°)   [Map]

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Elgin is located in Region #3 (the South Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Elgin is located in Division #6 (the East South-Central Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Elgin is located in Region IV (Region 4).

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #157944   (Name of Record: Elgin)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Lauderdale

Map Name: Wheeler Dam

Lat: 34.8486973       Lon: -87.391133   [Map]

Elev: 195 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 01/23392   (Place Name: Elgin)

County: Lauderdale     (FIPS State/County: 01/077)

Class: U6

Identifies a populated place (ie- Elgin) that is wholly or substantially located outside the boundaries of any incorporated place or CDP (Census Designated Place) that has an authoritative common name recognized by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

MSA Code: 2650

Other Roadside Stops ...



Communities in Alabama

About Lauderdale County

About Alabama

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau



Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Elgin. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for State of Alabama: www.alabama.gov/