A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
Various Identification Codes ...
GNIS Codes ...
The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, chose a name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).
The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).
A unique and permanent identifier has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:
GNIS ID for Juneau: 1404263
GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...
An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Juneau, it is a point within Juneau that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.
For Juneau, the GNIS GPS location is given as:
Lat: 58° 18' 6" (or 58.3°)
Lon: -134° 25' 10" (or -134.42°) [Map]
Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Juneau - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.
For Juneau, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:
Lat: 58° 22' 21" (or 58.4°)
Lon: -134° 10' 43" (or -134.18°) [Map]
The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 10 miles to the northeast<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).
You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:
Lat: 58° 21' 5" (or 58.4°)
Lon: -134° 30' 41" (or -134.51°) [Map]
The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 12 miles to the west<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.' . '
Regional Codes ...
For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Juneau is located in Region #4 (the West Region).
In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Juneau is located in Division #9 (the Pacific Division).
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Juneau is located in Region X (Region 10).
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. Juneau is located in Region X (Region 10).
ZIP Codes ...
While some people have used ZIP codes to identify a community, the ZIP codes were actually created to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although a ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a city like Juneau, they do identify addresses that are in (or near) the city. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code are defined by the needs of the USPS and can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.
Our list of ZIP codes for Juneau : 99801, 99802, 99811 & 99850.<3>
Referenced GNIS Records ...
GNIS ID #1404263 (Name of Record: Juneau)
Class: populated place
A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.
A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.
Map Name: Juneau B-2
Lat: 58.3019444 Lon: -134.4197222 [Map]
Elev: 19 ft.
GNIS ID #2419344 (Name of Record: City and Borough of Juneau)
A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).
A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.
Map Name: Juneau B-1
Lat: 58.4445331 Lon: -134.22966 [Map]
Elev: 1036 ft.
Referenced FIPS Records ...
FIPS Code: 02/36400 (Place Name: Juneau)
County: Juneau (FIPS State/County: 02/110)
Identifies an incorporated place (ie- Juneau) that is not recognized as an Alaska Native Village (ANV) statistical area, nor does it serve as a primary county division - or in other words, it is included in and is part of a primary county division.
GSA Code: 1130
MRF Code: 1510
Other Roadside Stops ...
Off-the-Road Links ...
The official website for Juneau: www.juneau.org/
The official website for State of Alaska: alaska.gov/
The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau
The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
Please keep in mind that we can not guarantee the accuracy or timeliness of the information on this website, so use with care. We encourage you to double-check the information that is critical to you.
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This page was last modified: 08 Jan 2020