A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
Various Identification Codes ...
GNIS Codes ...
The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, chose a name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).
The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).
A unique and permanent code has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:
GNIS ID for Anchorage: 1398242
GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...
An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Anchorage, it is a point within Anchorage that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.
For Anchorage, the GNIS GPS location is given as:
Lat: 61° 13' 5" (or 61.2°)
Lon: -149° 54' 1" (or -149.9°) [Map]
Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Anchorage - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.
For Anchorage, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:
Lat: 61° 10' 39" (or 61.2°)
Lon: -149° 16' 27" (or -149.27°) [Map]
The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 21 miles to the east<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).
You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:
Lat: 61° 11' 30" (or 61.2°)
Lon: -149° 45' 43" (or -149.76°) [Map]
The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 16 miles to the west<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.' . '
Regional Codes ...
For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Anchorage is located in Region #4 (the West Region).
In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Anchorage is located in Division #9 (the Pacific Division).
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Anchorage is located in Region X (Region 10).
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. Anchorage is located in Region X (Region 10).
ZIP Codes ...
While some people have used ZIP codes to identify a community, the ZIP codes were actually created to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although a ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a city like Anchorage, they do identify addresses that are in (or near) the city. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code are defined by the needs of the USPS and can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.
Our list of ZIP codes for Anchorage :
99501, 99502, 99503, 99507, 99508, 99509, 99510, 99511, 99512, 99513, 99514, 99515, 99516, 99517, 99518, 99519, 99520, 99521, 99522, 99523, 99599 & 99695.<3>
Referenced GNIS Records ...
GNIS ID #1398242 (Name of Record: Anchorage)
Class: populated place
A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.
A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.
Map Name: Anchorage A-8
Lat: 61.2180556 Lon: -149.9002778 [Map]
Elev: 29 ft.
GNIS ID #2419025 (Name of Record: Municipality of Anchorage)
A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).
A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.
Map Name: Anchorage A-6
Lat: 61.1482328 Lon: -149.19404 [Map]
Elev: 1669 ft.
Referenced FIPS Records ...
FIPS Code: 02/03000 (Place Name: Anchorage)
County: Anchorage (FIPS State/County: 02/020)
Identifies an incorporated place (ie- Anchorage) that is not recognized as an Alaska Native Village (ANV) statistical area, nor does it serve as a primary county division - or in other words, it is included in and is part of a primary county division.
GSA Code: 130
MRF Code: 140
MSA Code: 380
Other Roadside Stops ...
Off-the-Road Links ...
Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Anchorage. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.
The official website for State of Alaska: alaska.gov/
The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau
The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
Please keep in mind that we can not guarantee the accuracy or timeliness of the information on this website, so use with care. We encourage you to double-check the information that is critical to you.
If you've found an error or have additional information that you would like to share, please don't hesitate to write. Click here to contact us.
This page was last modified: 28 Apr 2019