Census Data for Union Springs ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2015 and it gives Union Springs a population of 3,919 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, giving Union Springs a population of 3,980 people.
The city of Union Springs is located in Bullock County. The 2010 Census gave Bullock County a population of 10,914 people. This means that Union Springs had 36.47% of the county's total population, making it Bullock's most populous community.
At the same time, Alabama had a population of 4,779,736 people, meaning that Union Springs had 0.08% of the total population of Alabama - making it the state's 122nd most populous community.
When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like Union Springs, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this is called a sampling area (or a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.
Things like the population, area and housing for Union Springs reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Union Springs might be slightly different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau if you need precision.
The 2010 Census shows that the sample polygon for Union Springs has a total area of 6.69 square miles [17.3 km²]. Of this total, a small amount of the area is covered by water (0.06 square miles [0.2 km²]).
Bullock County has a land area of 622 square miles [1,613.1 km²]. At 6.63 square miles [17.2 km²], Union Springs has 1.06% of the county's total land area.
Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually at the center of the polygon). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
Lat: 32° 8' 23" (or 32.14°) [Map]
Lon: -85° 42' 52" (or -85.71°)
More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Population Density ...
Using the population (3,980 people) and land area (6.63 square miles [17.2 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Union Springs had a population density of 594 people per square mile [229.7 people/km²].
In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Union Springs had a population of 3,670 people and a land area of 6.86 square miles [17.8 km²]. This gives a population density of 535 people per square mile [206.6 people/km²]
NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Union Springs. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to a misleading comparison. More information about the changes can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, Union Springs had 1,664 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 3,980 people, this averages 2.39 people per Housing Unit.
The 2010 Census shows Union Springs had a land area of 6.63 square miles [17.2 km²]. This translates to 248.7 Housing Units per square mile [96 housing units/km²].
From the Census of 2000: Union Springs had 1,617 Housing Units, a population of 3,670 people and a land area of 6.86 square miles [17.8 km²]. This gives a density of 2.27 people per Housing Unit and 235.8 Housing Units per square mile [91 housing units/km²].
NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Union Springs and you need to be careful when comparing numbers between the censuses. More information about the nature of these the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Bullock County ...
Union Springs is located in Bullock County and is the County Seat for Bullock County.
The county had a population of 10,914 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 3,980 people, Union Springs represented 36.47% of the county's total.
In addition, where the city of Union Springs has a population density of 594 people per square mile [229.7 people/km²], Bullock County averages 17.52 people per square mile [6.77 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for Bullock County.
Population Rings for Union Springs ...
To help identify the number of people who live in Union Springs and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Union Springs. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>
| Radius ||No of|
|5 mi [8 km]||1||3,919||-1.53%|
|10 mi [16 km]||1||3,919||-1.53%|
|15 mi [24 km]||2||4,407||-1.61%|
|20 mi [32 km]||4||13,824||-7.2%|
|25 mi [40 km]||8||17,484||-6.54%|
|30 mi [48 km]||15||54,250||+4.48%|
US Census QuickFacts ...
The Census Bureau has created documents containing demographic information called QuickFacts. Although they haven't created a QuickFact for Union Springs, there are QuickFacts available for the following nearby communities:
For more about neighboring communities, please visit our Nearby Page for Union Springs. For an expanded list of the communities that are closest to Union Springs, see our County-by-County Page for Union Springs.
A Census QuickFact is available for Bullock County (QF-01011).
Below are QuickFacts for the counties that border Bullock County.
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Union Springs, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Union Springs. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change.
If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 2.44% smaller than the 2000 Census.
The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Union Springs was 6.69 square miles [17.3 km²]. Of this total, 6.63 square miles [17.2 km²] is land, with the balance (0.93%) being water (0.06 square miles [0.2 km²]).
The 2000 Census shows a total area of 6.86 square miles [17.8 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Union Springs, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Union Springs.
For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
Lat: 32.139892° (or 32°8'23" N) [Map]
Lon: -85.714625° (or -85°42'52" W)
For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
Lat: 32.140113° (or 32°8'24" N) [Map]
Lon: -85.712804° (or -85°42'46" W)
The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 567 feet to the west<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2405629) to Union Springs. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Union Springs. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
Lat: 32.139509° (or 32°8'22" N) [Map]
Lon: -85.714285° (or -85°42'51" W)
The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 174.7 feet to the northwest<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Union Springs. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Union Springs.
Miscellaneous Information for Union Springs ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has referenced one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Bullock County or the city of Union Springs:
The GNIS Codes ...
The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Union Springs:
GNIS ID for Union Springs: 2405629
GNIS ID for Bullock County: 161531
GNIS ID for Alabama: 1779775
The FIPS Codes ...
An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):
State Code: 01 (Alabama)
County Code: 011 (Bullock County)
Place Code: 77880 (Union Springs)
State & County Code: 01/011 (Alabama / Bullock County)
State & Place Code: 01/77880 (Alabama / Union Springs)
Misc. Census Codes ...
Union Springs is located in Census Region #3 (the South Region) and Division #6 (the East South-Central Division).
The US Postal Service ZIP Code ...
While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a city like Union Springs, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) Union Springs. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.
The ZIP code for Union Springs: 36089<7>
Census ZCTA Codes ...
The US Census Bureau created statistical entities that they call ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) and these ZCTAs are frequently confused with the ZIP codes that come from the US Postal Service (USPS).
ZCTAs were first created for the 2000 Census and at that time, they were based upon the USPS ZIP codes. While largely covering the same areas, the boundaries of a ZCTA do not necessarily match the boundaries of a postal ZIP code with the same number. For example, while a postal ZIP code can cross a county or state line, a Census ZCTA can not. They should be treated as separate entities with no correlation between them.
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Union Springs.
|<1>||Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2015.|
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|<2>||Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.|
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|<3>||A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).|
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|<4>||The communities in our count are those provided by the 2010 Census, so keep in mind that our population rings will only include the people living in those communities. Smaller communities usually don't participate directly in the Census and therefore they won't be included. While our count is a close approximation, it shouldn't be considered as a complete or accurate count.|
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|<5>||The calculated bearing (or the angle) to the 2010 Census location is 98 degrees.|
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|<6>||The calculated bearing (or the angle) to the GNIS point is 36 degrees.|
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|<7>||When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Union Springs or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).|
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For additional information, please visit our Glossary for Union Springs.