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A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
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Union Grove, Alabama
(Marshall County)

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 The location of Union Grove 

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(Location provided by the GNIS)
Click here for an interactive map for Union Grove
and the surrounding area.

Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, chose a name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent identifier has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Union Grove: 2406778

GNIS ID for Marshall County: 161574

GNIS ID for Alabama: 1779775

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies created a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Union Grove:

Place (Community) Code:  77784
State Code:  01 (Alabama)
County Code:  095 (Marshall County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  01/77784
State/County Code:  01/095

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code   translates to   GNIS Code
State of Alabama:    01   1779775
Marshall County:    01/095   161574
Union Grove:    01/77784   2406778

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Union Grove, it is a point within Union Grove that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Union Grove, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   34° 24' 9"   (or 34.4°)

Lon:   -86° 26' 53"   (or -86.45°)   [Map]

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Union Grove - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For Union Grove, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   34° 24' 22"   (or 34.41°)

Lon:   -86° 27' 6"   (or -86.45°)   [Map]

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 1,657 feet to the northwest<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   34° 24' 0"   (or 34.4°)

Lon:   -86° 26' 45"   (or -86.45°)   [Map]

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 2,788 feet to the southeast<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Union Grove is located in Region #3 (the South Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Union Grove is located in Division #6 (the East South-Central Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Union Grove is located in Region IV (Region 4).

ZIP Codes ...

While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a town like Union Grove, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) Union Grove. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code are defined by the needs of the USPS and can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.

The ZIP code for Union Grove: 35175<3>

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #128307   (Name of Record: Union Grove)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Marshall

Map Name: Guntersville Dam

Lat: 34.4017589       Lon: -86.4491538   [Map]

Elev: 313

GNIS ID #2406778   (Name of Record: Town of Union Grove)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: Marshall

Map Name: Guntersville Dam

Lat: 34.4025601       Lon: -86.448322   [Map]

Elev: 315

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 01/77784   (Place Name: Union Grove)

County: Marshall     (FIPS State/County: 01/095)

Class: C1

Identifies an incorporated place (ie- Union Grove) that does not serve as a primary county division - or in other words, it is included in and is part of a primary county division (ie- Marshall County).

GSA Code: 3086

MRF Code: 1734

Other Roadside Stops ...

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About Marshall County

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Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Union Grove. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for Marshall County:

The official website for State of Alabama:

Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or the angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 37 degrees.

- Return to Citation

<2>The calculated bearing (or the angle) to the 2000 Census location is 217 degrees.

- Return to Citation

<3>When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Union Grove or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).

- Return to Citation

For additional information, please visit our Glossary for Union Grove.


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This page was last modified: 19 Oct 2016
By John Hall