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Phenix City, Alabama

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 The location of Phenix City 

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Census Data for Phenix City ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2015 and it gives Phenix City a population of 37,570 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, giving Phenix City a population of 32,822 people.

The city of Phenix City is located in Russell County. The 2010 Census gave Russell County a population of 52,947 people. This means that Phenix City had 62% of the county's total population, making it Russell's most populous community.

At the same time, Alabama had a population of 4,779,736 people, meaning that Phenix City had 0.69% of the total population of Alabama - making it the state's 15th most populous community.

Area ...

When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like Phenix City, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this is called a sampling area (or a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.

Things like the population, area and housing for Phenix City reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of&$160;Phenix City might be slightly different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau if you need precision.

The 2010 Census shows that the sample polygon for Phenix City has a total area of 27.91 square miles [72.3 km²]. Of this total, a small amount of the area is covered by water (0.15 square miles [0.4 km²]).

Russell County has a land area of 641 square miles [1,660.5 km²]. At 27.75 square miles [71.9 km²], Phenix City has 4.33% of the county's total land area.

Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually at the center of the polygon). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:

Lat:   32° 28' 22"   (or 32.47°)

Lon:   -85° 1' 12"   (or -85.02°)

More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Population Density ...

Using the population (32,822 people) and land area (27.75 square miles [71.9 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Phenix City had a population density of 1,176 people per square mile [454.1 people/km²].

In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Phenix City had a population of 28,265 people and a land area of 24.6 square miles [63.7 km²]. This gives a population density of 1,142 people per square mile [440.9 people/km²]

NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Phenix City. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to an apple-to-oranges comparison. More information about the changes can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Phenix City had 15,198 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 32,822 people, this averages 2.16 people per Housing Unit.

The 2010 Census shows Phenix City had a land area of 27.75 square miles [71.9 km²]. This translates to 544 Housing Units per square mile [210.3 housing units/km²].

From the Census of 2000: Phenix City had 13,250 Housing Units, a population of 28,265 people and a land area of 24.6 square miles [63.7 km²]. This gives a density of 2.13 people per Housing Unit and 535 Housing Units per square mile [206.7 housing units/km²].

NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Phenix City and you need to be careful when comparing numbers between the censuses. More information about the nature of these the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Russell County ...

Phenix City is primarily located in Russell County and is the County Seat for Russell County. A portion of Phenix City extends into Lee County.

The county had a population of 52,947 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 32,822 people, Phenix City represented 62% of the county's total.

In addition, where the city of Phenix City has a population density of 1,176 people per square mile [454.1 people/km²], Russell County averages 82.6 people per square mile [31.89 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for Russell County.

Population Rings for Phenix City ...

To help identify the number of people who live in Phenix City and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Phenix City. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>

RadiusNo of
Communities
2015
Population
Change
Since 2010
5 mi [8 km]2238,149+6.93%
20 mi [32 km]3243,449+6.95%
25 mi [40 km]7284,421+7.17%
30 mi [48 km]15359,285+8.47%

US Census QuickFacts ...

The Census Bureau has created documents containing demographic information called QuickFacts. Although they don't create QuickFacts for all communities, they do have one for Phenix City. Not only does the QuickFact have details about Phenix City, it also contains a comparison between Phenix City and the state of Alabama.

Click here for the Phenix City QuickFact (QF-0159472).

The following communities are near Phenix City and also have Census QuickFacts:

CommunityCensus
QuickFact
2015 Est.
Population
Change
Since 2010
Direction
Columbus (GA)QF-1319000200,579+5.63%   E  
OpelikaQF-015704829,527+11.52%   NW  
ValleyQF-01782049,464-0.63%   N  
AuburnQF-010307662,059+16.26%   W  
LanettQF-01412966,452-0.25%   N  

For more about neighboring communities, please visit our Nearby Page for Phenix City. For an expanded list of the communities that are closest to Phenix City, see our County-by-County Page for Phenix City.

A Census QuickFact is available for Russell County (QF-01113).

Below are QuickFacts for the counties that border Russell County.

CountyCensus
QuickFact
2015 Est.
Population
Change
Since 2010
Direction
BarbourQF-0100526,489-3.53%   S  
BullockQF-0101110,696-2%   SW  
LeeQF-01081156,993+11.94%   NW  
MaconQF-0108719,105-10.94%   W  
Chattahoochee (GA)QF-1305311,368+0.9%   E  
Muscogee (GA)QF-13215200,579+5.63%   NE  
Stewart (GA)QF-132595,851-3.42%   SE  

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Phenix City, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Phenix City. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Area ...

The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 12.76% larger than the 2000 Census.

The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Phenix City was 27.91 square miles [72.3 km²]. Of this total, 27.75 square miles [71.9 km²] is land, with the balance (0.55%) being water (0.15 square miles [0.4 km²]).

The 2000 Census shows a total area of 24.75 square miles [64.1 km²]. Of this total, 24.6 square miles [63.7 km²] is land, with the balance (0.54%) being water (0.15 square miles [0.4 km²]).

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Phenix City, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Phenix City.

For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:

Lat:   32.461669°   (or 32°27'42" N)

Lon:   -85.025021°   (or -85°1'30" W)

For the 2000 Census, the location given was:

Lat:   32.472822°   (or 32°28'22" N)

Lon:   -85.020121°   (or -85°1'12" W)

The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 4,336 feet to the south<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2404510) to Phenix City. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Phenix City. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:

Lat:   32.462593°   (or 32°27'45" N)

Lon:   -85.023134°   (or -85°1'23" W)

The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 671 feet to the southwest<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Phenix City. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Phenix City.

Miscellaneous Information for Phenix City ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has referenced one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Russell County or the city of Phenix City:

The GNIS Codes ...

The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Phenix City:

GNIS ID for Phenix City: 2404510

GNIS ID for Russell County: 161583

GNIS ID for Alabama: 1779775

The FIPS Codes ...

An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):

State Code: 01 (Alabama)

County Code: 113 (Russell County)

Place Code: 59472 (Phenix City)

State & County Code: 01/113 (Alabama / Russell County)

State & Place Code: 01/59472 (Alabama / Phenix City)

Misc. Census Codes ...

Phenix City is located in Census Region #3 (the South Region) and Division #6 (the East South-Central Division).

The US Postal Service ZIP Code ...

While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a city like Phenix City, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) Phenix City. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.

The ZIP code for Phenix City: 36867-36870<7>

Census ZCTA Codes ...

The US Census Bureau created statistical entities that they call ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) and these ZCTAs are frequently confused with the ZIP codes that come from the US Postal Service (USPS).

ZCTAs were first created for the 2000 Census and at that time, they were based upon the USPS ZIP codes. While largely covering the same areas, the boundaries of a ZCTA do not necessarily match the boundaries of a postal ZIP code with the same number. For example, while a postal ZIP code can cross a county or state line, a Census ZCTA can not. They should be treated as separate entities with no correlation between them.

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Phenix City.

Other Roadside Stops ...

Visit our Community Index for Alabama

About Russell County

About Alabama

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau


The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)


Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Phenix City. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for State of Alabama: www.alabama.gov/







Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2015.

- Return to Citation

<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.

- Return to Citation

<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).

- Return to Citation

<4>The communities in our count are those provided by the 2010 Census, so keep in mind that our population rings will only include the people living in those communities. Smaller communities usually don't participate directly in the Census and therefore they won't be included. While our count is a close approximation, it shouldn't be considered as a complete or accurate count.

- Return to Citation

<5>The calculated bearing (or the angle) to the 2010 Census location is 159 degrees.

- Return to Citation

<6>The calculated bearing (or the angle) to the GNIS point is 120 degrees.

- Return to Citation

<7>When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Phenix City or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).

- Return to Citation


For additional information, please visit our Glossary for Phenix City.



 
 
 

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This page was last modified: 26 Nov 2016
By John Hall