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Sand Fork, West Virginia
(Gilmer County)

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The location of Sand Fork

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(GPS coordinates provided by the GNIS)
 
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About Sand Fork
Sand Fork is located in Gilmer County (West Virginia).

According to the 2010 US Census, Sand Fork has a population of 159 people, making it Gilmer's 2nd  and West Virginia's 220th most populous community.

Our Pages for Sand Fork ...

-profile   General information about Sand Fork
-nearby   What's in the neighborhood around Sand Fork
-bycounty   Nearest communities to Sand Fork (By-County)
-census   Census information for Sand Fork
-tidbits   Tidbits and trivia about Sand Fork
-genealogy   Our Genealogy Helper for Sand Fork
-cemeteries   Cemeteries in the area of Sand Fork
-localpapers   Newspapers published in the immediate area of Sand Fork
-newspapers   Newspapers published in a broader area around Sand Fork
-summary   Summarized information
-map   Interactive map centered on Sand Fork
-tripmap   TripAdvisor Tourism pages
-misc   Miscellaneous information
-wishlist   Things we would like to know about Sand Fork
-glossary   This page...

Glossary and Definitions ...

Area Code Overlay
An Overlay refers to the situation in which two (or more) area codes (eg- 304, 681) serve the same geographic area. In the case of Sand Fork, area code (681) is the Overlay for area code (304).

The Overlay is necessary when the geographic area requires (or in the future will need) more phone numbers than can be provided by a single area code.

When an Overlay is present, 10-digit dialing becomes necessary for all calls, even if local. There are different types of Overlays, with each having its own characteristics and dialing requirements.

If you would like to learn more about Overlays, we suggest the Wikipedia entry for Overlays.
Census Area for Sand Fork
The Area value provided by the US Census Bureau reflects their statistical (or sampling) requirements and it can be different than the geographic boundaries of Sand Fork. For example, if there is a cluster of people living just outside of the town's official boundary, the Census-defined area might be expanded to include that group.

At the time of the 2010 Census, the US Census gave a land area of 0.33 square miles [0.8 km²] and a water area of 0.02 square miles [0.1 km²], giving Sand Fork a total area of 0.35 square miles [0.9 km²].

It should be noted that the area given by the Census Bureau can change from one Census to the next. For example, the 2000 Census specified an area of 0.35 square miles [0.9 km²] for Sand Fork compared to the 0.35 square miles [0.9 km²] given in 2010.
Census Housing Unit
The US Census considers a Housing Unit to be a place where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter.

Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).

At the time of the 2010 Census, Sand Fork had 68 Housing Units.
Decennial Census
The US Constitution requires that a count of the country's population be conducted every 10 years. The Census is conducted on those years ending in '0' (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010). This is known as a 'Decennial' Census. The process of taking a Census is called an 'Enumeration'.

The count includes citizens, non-citizen legal residents, long-term non-citizen visitors and illegal immigrants.

The purpose of the Census is to provide information about the demographic and social characteristics of the people of the United States. The results of the Census goes to the federal, state and local governments to support their planning and administrative activities.

The first Census was conducted in 1790. The most recent Census was conducted in 2010. The next Decennial Census will be conducted in 2020.

By comparison, the Canadian Census is conducted once every 5 years and is called a 'Quinquennial' Census.
FIPS Codes
In the past, the federal government created a set of codes that are used to uniquely identify States, Counties and Populated Places (such as a town like Sand Fork). These codes form the Federal Information Processing Standard. (specifically FIPS Document 55-3).

The State Code consists of two digits, the County Code consists of three digits and the Place Code consists of five digits. The County and Place Codes must be used together with the State Code to be truly unique.

For example, the following codes apply to the town of Sand Fork:

- State Code:  54 (West Virginia)

- State / County Code:  54 / 021 (Gilmer County)

- State / Place Code:  54 / 71620

The FIPS Codes have been replaced by an ANSI standard and the GNIS Feature ID. Although obsolete, the FIPS Codes are still in use by some organizations.

For more information about the FIPS Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Sand Fork.
GNIS Codes
The function of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) is to establish uniform names for geographic features (eg- communities, mountains, lakes, rivers, streams, etc). The BGN was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. BGN–accepted names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS), which is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent identifier has been assigned for each feature in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive.

Sand Fork has been given the GNIS Feature ID of '2391402'. Click here to see the GNIS Record for Sand Fork.
Incorporated
Although there are regional variations, a town that is incorporated (such as Sand Fork) is generally one with a charter from the State, defined boundaries and is governed by elected officials. By contrast, unincorporated communities usually exist by tradition, frequently with nebulous boundaries and without a recognized government.