A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada

Town of Commonwealth, Wisconsin

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Census Data for Commonwealth ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2019 and it gave Commonwealth a population of 388 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Commonwealth a population of 399 people.

The community of Commonwealth is located in Florence County. The 2010 Census gave Florence County; a population of 4,423 people. This means that Commonwealth had 9.02% of the county's total population, making it Florence's 3rd most populous community.

At the same time, Wisconsin had a population of 5,686,986 people.

Area ...

The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Commonwealth has a total area of 43.03 square miles [111.5 km²]. Of this total, 42.42 square miles [109.9 km²] is land, with the balance (1.43%) being water (0.62 square miles [1.6 km²]).

Florence County has a land area of 488.2 square miles [1,264.4 km²]. At 42.42 square miles [109.9 km²], Commonwealth has 8.69% of the county's total land area.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a community like Commonwealth, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the community.
    • Things like population, area and housing for Commonwealth reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Commonwealth might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
    • Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
    • Lat:   45° 51' 22"   (or 45.86°)
    • Lon:   -88° 14' 54"   (or -88.25°)
    • More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Commonwealth had 378 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 399 people, this averages 1.06 people per Housing Unit.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • The 2010 Census shows Commonwealth had a land area of 42.42 square miles [109.9 km²]. This translates to 8.78 Housing Units per square mile [3.39 housing units/km²].
    • From the Census of 2000: Commonwealth had 326 Housing Units, a population of 419 people and a land area of 42.33 square miles [109.6 km²]. This gives a density of 1.29 people per Housing Unit and 7.59 Housing Units per square mile [2.93 housing units/km²].
    • Note: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2010 and the 2000 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Commonwealth and you need to be careful when comparing values between the censuses. More information about the nature of these the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Florence County ...

The community of Commonwealth is located in Florence County<4>.

The county had a population of 4,423 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 399 people, Commonwealth represented 9.02% of the county's total.

For more information, please visit our Census Page for Florence County.

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Commonwealth, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Commonwealth. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • Although we don't have specific information about the shape of the polygon for Commonwealth or how it changed has over time, there is some information that can give us some hints. For example, since the shape of the sampling area is directly related to the shape of the polygon, any change to area probably indicates a new shape for the polygon.
    • If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Commonwealth, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Commonwealth.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
    • Lat:   45.856182°   (or 45°51'22" N)
    • Lon:   -88.248460°   (or -88°14'54" W)
    • For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
    • Lat:   45.873589°   (or 45°52'24" N)
    • Lon:   -88.273425°   (or -88°16'24" W)
    • The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 8,969 feet to the southeast<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
    • The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#1583008) to Commonwealth. This identifier also marks a GPS point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Commonwealth. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
    • Lat:   45.854399°   (or 45°51'15" N)
    • Lon:   -88.238741°   (or -88°14'19" W)
    • The GPS location given for the 2010 Census lies 2,552 feet to the west<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Commonwealth. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Commonwealth.

Miscellaneous Information for Commonwealth ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Florence County or the community of Commonwealth:

  • The GNIS Codes ...
    • The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Commonwealth:
    • GNIS ID for Commonwealth: 1583008
    • GNIS ID for Florence County: 1581078
    • GNIS ID for State of Wisconsin: 1779806
  • Misc. Census Codes ...
    • Commonwealth is located in Census Region #2 (the Midwest Region) and Division #3 (the East North-Central Division).

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Commonwealth.

Other Roadside Stops ...

Search for a Wisconsin Community

About Florence County

About Wisconsin

Off-the-Road Links ...

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Commonwealth. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for Florence County:

The official website for State of Wisconsin:

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2019.
<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.
<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).
<4>If you're interested in how the shape of Wisconsin's counties, including Florence, have changed over time, we recommend the Atlas of Historical County Boundaries.
<5>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 224 degrees and a distance of 8,969 feet.
<6>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 75 degrees and a distance of 2,552 feet.






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This page was last modified: 12 May 2021