The purpose of this page is to identify those communities that are closest to Old Salem, on a County-by-County basis. To explain further, let's use the example from the Genealogy Helper Page for Old Salem:
We have great-grandparents who lived in a small community in the northeast corner of their home county. During their lives, most hospitals were in the next county to the east. Almost all of the nearby churches and cemeteries were in the county to the north.
When doing our research, we make it a practice to expand our search by looking in neighboring counties in addition to the county in which they lived: their home county contained property and probate records; the county to the east contained birth and death records; the county to the north contained their burial records. If we hadn't checked the neighboring counties, we would have missed many valuable sources of information.
Keep in mind that when we give a distance, it's a 'straight-line' distance from Old Salem and not the distance if you drove.<1>
If you're researching your genealogy, we hope that the following following information helps.
Our Gazetteer shows that there are 340 communities within 40 miles [64.4 km] of Old Salem. Of these communities, 267 are located in counties other than Monroe County.
We usually exclude communities when we still need to verify their location,<2> but for the purpose of this page, we have included the unverified ('unver') and historic ('hist') communities.
After starting with the home county for Old Salem (which is Monroe County), we list the counties in alphabetical order and for each of those counties, the closest communities are listed in order of their distance from Old Salem. For the following list, only those counties that contain communities within 40 miles [64.4 km] are displayed.
Our distances are not driving distances, but are calculated as a 'straight-line' (or point-to-point) distance starting in Old Salem. A straight line distance ignores things like rivers, canyons, lakes, et cetera - it's truly a line from Point A (ie- Old Salem) to Point B.
Our distance measurements begin at a specific point in Old Salem. The point that we are using is located at these GPS coordinates - Latitude: 31.5396, Longitude: -87.4061 [Map]. In this case, the coordinates for Old Salem have been provided by the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS).
Our data comes from many sources and some sources are more dependable than others. When we add communities to our Gazetteer, we try to verify that we have the correct location for the community. We mark a community as 'Unverified' when we aren't confident about our data and want to do further checking.
We use the term 'Historic' broadly and it generally means that the community no longer exists. However, it can also mean that the community might still exist, but was larger or had a more 'official' existence in the past than it does now.
Since our Gazetteer contains over 100,000 communities, verifying everything is going to take time. If you find an error or can help us to improve our accuracy, please let us know.