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A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
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North Courtland, Alabama

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 The location of North Courtland 

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(Location provided by the GNIS)
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North Courtland
and the surrounding area.

Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, chose a new name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent code has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for North Courtland: 2407004

GNIS ID for Lawrence County: 161565

GNIS ID for Alabama: 1779775

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies created a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to North Courtland:

Place (Community) Code:  55044
State Code:  01 (Alabama)
County Code:  079 (Lawrence County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  01/55044
State/County Code:  01/079

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code   translates to   GNIS Code
State of Alabama:    01   1779775
Lawrence County:    01/079   161565
North Courtland:    01/55044   2407004

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of North Courtland, it is a point within North Courtland that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For North Courtland, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   34° 40' 44"   (or 34.68°)

Lon:   -87° 18' 31"   (or -87.31°)   [Map]

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for North Courtland - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For North Courtland, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   34° 40' 49"   (or 34.68°)

Lon:   -87° 18' 22"   (or -87.31°)   [Map]

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 907 feet to the northeast<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   34° 40' 34"   (or 34.68°)

Lon:   -87° 18' 28"   (or -87.31°)   [Map]

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 1,530 feet to the south<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. North Courtland is located in Region #3 (the South Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. North Courtland is located in Division #6 (the East South-Central Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. North Courtland is located in Region IV (Region 4).

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #136800   (Name of Record: North Courtland)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Lawrence

Map Name: Courtland

Lat: 34.6723126       Lon: -87.3297432   [Map]

Elev: 174

GNIS ID #2407004   (Name of Record: Town of North Courtland)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: Lawrence

Map Name: Courtland

Lat: 34.6789274       Lon: -87.30877   [Map]

Elev: 177

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 01/55044   (Place Name: North Courtland)

County: Lawrence     (FIPS State/County: 01/079)

Class: C1

Identifies an incorporated place (ie- North Courtland) that does not serve as a primary county division - or in other words, it is included in and is part of a primary county division (ie- Lawrence County).

GSA Code: 2255

MRF Code: 1265

MSA Code: 2030

Other Roadside Stops ...

Index of Cities, Towns and Villages for Alabama

About Lawrence County

About Alabama

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for North Courtland. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for State of Alabama:

Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or the angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 304 degrees.

- Return to Citation

<2>The calculated bearing (or the angle) to the 2000 Census location is 161 degrees.

- Return to Citation

For additional information, please visit our Glossary for North Courtland.


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This page was last modified: 19 Oct 2016
By John Hall